Volume 6 - Appendix C

 

 

     APPENDIX C

 

     USING THE BIBLE AS A SOURCE TO TEST THE BOOK OF MORMON

 

     In seeking to discredit the Book of Mormon by comparing it to the Bible, scriptural students should be aware that one of the LDS "Articles of Faith" written by Joseph Smith and canonized by the LDS Church states: "We believe the Bible to be the word of God as far as it is translated correctly. We also believe the Book of Mormon to be the word of God." When taken with other tenants of the LDS faith, this means that while the Bible is a great volume of scripture, it is not the source of LDS faith, but rather a useful aid to that faith when used with the proper perspective. As the Book of Mormon is considered a more correct volume of scripture, perhaps it is not the Bible which should be used to explain and correct the Book of Mormon but the other way around (see 1 Nephi 13:9-42; Mormon 7:8-10).

        Sometimes we choose to compare similarities in scriptural texts (namely the Bible and the Book of Mormon) because scripture seems to be everlastingly unchanging in its gospel themes and historical patterns--"the same yesterday, today, and forever." Yet we must also realize that scripture is subject to the control of the Master of All Scripture--The Word. In other words, revelation from the Lord to living prophets, in any age and in whatever manner He chooses to communicate, will always take precedence over past scriptural texts. Scriptural texts, even when inspired, are limited in their communication and application by the amount of text actually written, the language of those who write, and the circumstances of the time. Moreover, as time moves on these records are subject to a multitude of changes. The use of the Bible as the base text from which one judges the Book of Mormon is a subject of a number of articles. Concerning the "problems" one might encounter in attempting such an analysis, the writings of Michael Hickenbotham are cited below. [Alan C. Miner, Personal Notes]

 

Revelation verses written tradition:

 

     According to Michael Hickenbotham, some Bible cultists today believe that the Bible is inerrant and infallible. They assert that the Bible is "completely authoritative and trustworthy in all that it asserts as factual, whether in matters of theology, history, or science" (Gleason L. Archer, Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties, p. 19). They also assert that the Bible canon is closed for all time and is therefore complete and sufficient to answer all important questions. Those that hold these views believe a myth. In the words of Nephi, "they have taken away from the gospel of the Lamb many parts which are plain and most precious" (1 Nephi 13:26).

     An anti-Mormon newspaper article once asked the question "When did the apostles ever change what they taught in the New Testament?" The assumption is that because God is an unchanging being, his requirements and commandments never change. Yet, many examples of change may be found throughout the Bible and especially in the New Testament. Consider the following:

     1. Killing

           a. Forbidden (Exodus 20:13; Deuteronomy 5:17)

           b. Condoned (Exodus 32:26-28; Deuteronomy 7:2; Joshua 6:17, 21; 1 Samuel 15:2-3, 33;

                 1 Kings 18:40; Ecclesiastes 3:3)

     2. Animal Sacrifices

           a. A statute forever (Leviticus 7:34; 16:33-34)

           b. Done away (Hebrews 7:27; 9:12, 26, 28)

     3. The Sabbath

           a. A perpetual covenant (Exodus 31:13, 16)

           b. To cease (Lamentations 2:6; Hosea 2:11)

           c. Strictly practiced (Exodus 20:10; Numbers 15:32-36; Jeremiah 17:21-22;

                 Ezekiel 20:20-21)

     4. The Priesthood

           a. An everlasting responsibility (Exodus 40:15; Leviticus 7:35-36)

           b. Changed (Hebrews 7:12)

     5. The Passover

           a. A memorial ordinance forever (Exodus 12:14, 24-27; Leviticus 16:34)

           b. Changed (1 Corinthians 5:7-8)

     6. Circumcision

           a. An everlasting covenant (Genesis 17:9-14)

           b. Discontinued (Acts 15:1-9; Romans 2:25-26; Galatians 6:15)

     7. Proselyting

           a. Not to the Gentiles (Matthew 10:5-6; 15:24)

           b. To all nations including Gentiles (Matthew 28:19; Mark 16:15; Acts 13:46)

           c. Take neither money nor scrip (baggage) nor staff nor shoes (Matthew 10:9-10;

                 Luke 10:4; 22:35)

           d. Take staff and sandals (Mark 6:8-9)

           e. Take purse and scrip (Luke 22:36)

           f. Go without a sword (Matthew 26:52; Revelation 13:10)

           g. Take a sword (Luke 22:36)

           h. Go not house to house (Luke 10:7)

           i. Go house to house (Acts 2:46; 20:20)

     8. Paid Ministry

           a. Prohibited (Micah 3:11; Acts 20:33-34; 1 Corinthians 9:18; 2 Corinthians 11:7;

                 1 Peter 5:2)

           b. Allowed (Luke 10:7; 1 Timothy 5:18)

     9. Marriage

           a. Not necessary (1 Corinthians 7:7-9)

           b. Necessary (1 Corinthians 11:11)

     10. Divorce

           a. Prohibited (Luke 16:18)

           b. Allowed at times (Matthew 19:7-9)

     11. Women

           a. To be silent and not teach (1 Corinthians 14:34-35; 1 Timothy 2:9-12)

           b. Women prophetesses (Luke 2:36; Acts 2:16-18; 21:8-9; 1 Corinthians 11:5)

     12. Drinking Wine

           a. To be avoided (Leviticus 10:8-9; Proverbs 20:1; 23:29-35; Jeremiah 35:13-14;

                 Hosea 3:1; 4:11; Romans 14:21; Ephesians 5:18; 1 Timothy 3:3; Titus 1:7)

           b. Allowed (Genesis 14:18; 27:28; Deuteronomy 14:26; Psalms 104:15; Proverbs 9:5; 31:6;

                 Isaiah 25:6; Luke 5:39; John 2:1-11; 1 Timothy 3:8; 5:23)      

     13. Christ's Gospel

           a. Brings peace (John 14:27)

           b. Brings the sword (Matthew 10:34)

           c. Yoke is easy (Matthew 11:28-30)

           d. Converts will be hated and persecuted (Matthew 10:22-23; 24:9)

 

Manuscript Problems:

 

     Higgenbotham notes that while one might believe that the original version of the Bible was perfect, the fact of the matter is that no original manuscript exists, nor can one be fully reconstructed. Daniel-Rops quoted Origen (185-243 A.D.) as saying: "Today the fact is evident that there are many differences in manuscripts, either through the negligence of certain copyists, or the perverse audacity of some in correcting the text" (L'Eglise des Apotres et des Martyrs, p. 313) as quoted in James L. Barker, Apostasy from the Divine Church, p. 14).

     Most authorities agree that soon after the apostles disappeared, a multiplicity of texts rapidly developed. By the Fourth Century, "they had to deal with a great welter of various readings and of mixed texts" (Frederic G. Kenyon, The Text of the Greek Bible, p. 248). The best that textual scholars have been able to do is to trace our modern New Testament back to five main types of texts at the end of the Second Century (Fredrick Grant, An Introduction to the Revised Standard Version of the New Testament, pp. 38-39). Today, although it is true that we have more than 5000 Greek manuscripts containing all or part of the New Testament, it is also true that no two of those manuscripts are identical.

 

Errors and Contradictions:

 

     For centuries, Bible scholars have written volumes documenting the errors and contradictions found in the Bible after the "plain and precious" parts were removed (1 Nephi 13:26-40); yet today some are still unaware that errors have crept into modern biblical texts. These errors may have been introduced inadvertently because of imperfect sight, inattentiveness of copyists, human frailties, or they may have been introduced intentionally where contradictions, variations, inconsistencies, or alleged errors were detected during copying, translation, or revision.

     The following is a sampling of some of the more obvious problem scriptures . It gives an idea of the abundance of errors found in our modern King James Bibles:

     1. Number of Israelites killed by a plague-Num. 25:1,9; 1 Cor 10:8

     2. Sisera's death-Judges 4:21-22; 5:25-27

     3. Jepthah's burnt offering-Judges 11:30-40; see Ex. 20:13

     4. Evil spirits from the Lord- 1 Sam. 16; 14-16, 23;19:9

     5. Saul's death, a suicide or murder?- 1 Sam 31:4-5; 2 Sam. 1:10; 21:12

     6. Number slain of David- 2 Sam 10:18; 1 Chron. 19:18

     7. God or Satan provoked David - 2Sam. 24:1; 1 Chron 21:1

     8. Dead arose- 2 Kings 19:35; Isa. 37:36

     9. God creates evil- Isa 25:7

     10. Lord makes us err and hardens our hearts-Isa 63:16-17

     11. Differences in the genealogies if Christ-Matt. 1:6-16;

           Luke 3:23-38; see Jesus the Christ pp.85-90

     12. The Lord leads us into temptation-Matt 6:13; James 1:13

     13. Man or men with an unclean spirit-Matt 8:28-34; Mark 5:1-18; Luke 8:26-39

     14. The sign of Jonas(2 or 3 nights)-Matt. 12:40, 28:1;

           Mark 15:42; 16:1-2

     15. Christ baptized followers-John 3:22; 4:2

     16. Blind man or men healed at Jericho-Matt. 20:29-34; Mark 10:46-52; Luke 18:35-43

     17. Mother or apostles request-Matt 20:20-28; Mark 10:35-45

     18. Death of Judas-Matt 25:5; Acts 1:18

     19. Misattribution-Matt. 27:9-10; Zech 11:13

     20. Crucifixion inscriptions-Matt. 27:37; Mark 15:26; Luke 23-28; John 19:19

     21. Christ's last words-Luke 23:46; John 19:30

     22. Angels at the tomb-Matt. 28:2; Mark 16:5; Luke 24:4, John 20:12

     23. Mistranslation of Hebrew words;

           a. Book (Gen. 5:1; Ex. 17:14;etc.) -scrolls or tablet

           b. Brass (Gen. 4:22; Ex. 25:3; etc.) -possibly copper

           c. Oak (Isa. 1:21; Ezek 27:6; etc.) -large elm

           d. Whale (Gen. 1:21; Job 7:12; etc.) -large fish

     24. Mistranslation of Greek words;

           a. Virtue (Mark 5:30; Luke 6:19; 8:46) -see p. 20 this text      

           b. Parable (John 10:6)- should be allegory

           c. Easter (Acts 12:4)- should be Passover

           d. Charity (1Cor. 13:1-4,8; etc.) -should be love

           e. Hell (Matt. 10:28; 11:23;etc)-

     25. Jeremiah's false prophecy concerning Zedekiah (Jeremiah 34:4-5; 52:10-11)

     26. The three varying accounts of Paul's vision (Acts 9:3-8; 22:6-11; 26:13-18)

 

Scientific Misconceptions:

 

     Students of the scriptures should also realize that the Bible contains a number of scientific misconceptions about life on earth:

     1. Jacob's misconception of genetics (Genesis 30:37-43)

     2. Both the hare and the badger (coney) are described as chewing the cud (Leviticus 11:5-6; Deuteronomy 14:7)

     3. Fowl are said to creep on all four (Leviticus 11:20)

     4. Mythical beasts were considered real:

           a. Unicorn (Numbers 23:22; 24:8; Deuteronomy 33:17; Job 39:9-10; Psalms 22:21; 29:6; 92:10; Isaiah 34:7)

           b. Dragon (Job 30:29; Psalms 74:13; 91:13; Isaiah 13:22; 27:1; 51:9; Jeremiah 14:6; 49:33; 51:34; Micah 1:8; Malachi 1:3)

           c. Behemoth (Job 40:15-17--erroneously identified as a hippopotamus or elephant, see verse 17)

           d. Leviathan (Job 41:1-34; Psalms 74:14; 104:26; Isaiah 27:1)

     5. Brass (an alloy of copper and zinc) is said to be dug from the ground (Deuteronomy 8:9; Job 28:2)

     6. Eagles that bear their young upon their wings (Deuteronomy 32:11)

     7. Bats that are classified as birds or fowl (Leviticus 11:13, 19; Deuteronomy 14:11, 18)

     8. Whales that are classified as fish (Jonah 1:17; Matthew 12:40)

 

While these are minor and sometimes only a matter of semantics, they nonetheless illustrate the discrepancies contained within the scriptures.            

 

Missing Scripture:

 

     According to Higgenbotham, many scriptures mentioned in modern Bibles either no longer exist or have been altered to the point that they are no longer accepted as authoritative. These include:

     The book of the covenant (Exodus 24:4, 7)

     The book of the wars of the Lord (Numbers 21:14)

     The manner of the kingdom recorded by Samuel (1 Samuel 10:25)

     The book of Jasher (Joshua 10:13; 2 Samuel 1:18)

     A book of statutes (1 Samuel 10:25)

     The book of the acts of Solomon (1 Kings 11:41)

     The book of Samuel the seer (1 Chronicles 29:29)

     The book of Nathan the prophet (1 Chronicles 29:29; 2 Chronicles 9:29)

     The book of Gad the seer (1 Chronicles 29:29)

     The prophecy of Ahijah (2 Chronicles 9:29)

     The visions of Iddo the seer (2 Chronicles 9:29; 12:15; 13:22)

     The book of Shemaiah the prophet (2 Chronicles 12:15)

     The book of Jehu (2 Chronicles 20:34)

     The acts of Uzziah recorded by Isaiah (2 Chronicles 26:22)      

     The sayings of the seers (2 Chronicles 33:19)

     An epistle of Paul to the Corinthians (1 Corinthians 5:9)

     An epistle of Paul to the Ephesians (Ephesians 3:3)

     An epistle of Paul to the Laodiceans (Colossians 4:16)

     An additional epistle of Jude (Jude 1:3)

     The prophecies of Enoch (Jude 1:14)

 

To the above list we can add missing prophecies which include:

     Matthew's reference to a prophecy that Christ would be a Nazarene (Matthew 2:23)

     A prophecy that Elias "shall first come, and restore all things" (Matthew 17:10-13)

     A prophecy by Jeremiah concerning the 30 pieces of silver (Matthew 27:9)

 

To these we might add references that do not match Old Testament scripture, such as:

     Matthew's quote from Jesus referring to Zecharias, son of Barachias, being slain between the temple and the altar (Matthew 23:35)

     John's reference to a scripture about "living water" (John 7:38)

     James' reference to a scripture about envy (James 4:5)

     John's reference to wicked deeds of Balaam not specifically mentioned int he Old Testament (Revelation 2:14)

 

The Apocrypha and books used by early Christians

 

     At the Council of Trent in 1546, Roman Catholics officially adopted a canon of scripture that included the Apocrypha as fully inspired and fully the word of God. These twelve books are as follows:

     `Tobit

     Judith

     The Wisdom of Solomon

     Ecclesiasticus or Ben Sirach

     Baruch

     the Letter of Jeremiah

     1 Maccabees

     2 Maccabees

     additions to Esther

     additions to Daniel, comprised of:

             the Prayer of Azariah and the Song of the Three Young men,

           Susanna and the Elders,

           Bel and the Dragon

  

     These books were part of the Greek translation of the Old Testament known as the Septuagint, which was in use in Egypt as early as the second century B.C. The Septuagint was also the version of the Old Testament used by the early Christian church. On the other hand, most Protestants broke with the centuries-old tradition of accepting the Septuagint and all its contents, and preferred the version of the Old Testament which had been preserved in Hebrew by the Jews. Thus to many Protestant and other Christian denominations, these books have essentially become "lost."

 

     Many scholars have observed that several other books not included in the King James Bible were routinely quoted by early Christians. These include:

     The Testament of Levi (3:1-4) quoted by the Savior in the Sermon on the Mount (Eugene Seaich, Mormonism, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the Nag Hammadi Texts, p. 48)

     The Testament of the 12 Patriarchs (Ibid., p. 2)

           a. Joseph 28:2 (Matthew 5:44)

           b. Levi 13:5 (Matthew 6:19)

     The Shepherd of Hermas--widely quoted in the church from the Second to Fourth Century A.D. (Mormonism, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the Nag Hammadi Texts, p. 2)

     2 Baruch--considered as legitimate Christian scripture by the early church (Ibid., p. 3)

     4 Ezra (Ibid., p. 3)

     Odes of Solomon (Ibid., p. 3)

     The Assumption of Moses --quoted in Jude 1:9 (Joseph Fielding McConkie, Prophets and Prophecy      , p. 149)

     Wisdom--quoted in 1 Clement (ca. 95 A.D.) (J. N. D. Kelly, Early Christian Doctrines, pp. 52-60)

     Didache--quoted by Polycarp (ca. 136 A.D.) (Ibid., p. 54)

     

     Justin Martyr also gave two examples of writings in the Second Century A.D. that had been removed from Jeremiah (Dialogue with Trypho as quoted in Ante-Nicene Fathers, 1:234-35). To this can be added the complaints of Dionysius, Bishop of Corinth (168-177 A.D.) concerning the falsification of the gospels and of his own letters (Joseph Fielding McConkie, Sons and Daughters of God, pp. 60-65).

 

     As soon as the Book of Mormon had been published many began to say, "A Bible! A Bible! We have got a Bible, and there cannot be any more Bible" (2 Nephi 29:3). They had no idea that such actions were seen in vision and anticipated many centuries before by those who wrote and prophesied concerning the Book. [Michael W. Hickenbotham, Answering Challenging Mormon Questions, pp. 66-67, 170-172, 175-178, 180-182, 187-188]

 

 

     SCRIPTURAL SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE BIBLE AND THE BOOK OF MORMON

 

     In introducing this section on scriptural similarities between the Bible and the Book of Mormon, it might be wise to start with some appropriate commentary. Michael Hickenbotham writes that some Christians today question the need for so many similar verses in both the Book of Mormon and the Bible. They sometimes assert that many Book of Mormon verses were copied from the King James Bible, which in their opinion makes the Book of Mormon a fraud. While this might appear to be true to the casual Book of Mormon reader, a closer look at these duplicate texts actually provides an additional witness of the Book of Mormon's authenticity.

     It is interesting to note that one Bible scholar has found that the four gospels attest to the fact that Jesus Christ and the apostles consistently quoted scripture. He calculated that over "ten percent of the daily conversation of Jesus consisted of Old Testament words quoted literally" and nearly 50% of the Lord's words as quoted by John were quotations from the Old Testament (Jay P. Green Sr., The Interlinear Bible, Hebrew-Greek-English, p. 975).

     When we consider the fact that Isaiah is the most quoted of all prophets, being more frequently quoted by Jesus, Paul, Peter, and John (in his Revelation) than any other Old Testament prophet, it should not surprise us that the Book of Mormon also quotes Isaiah more than any other prophet (LDS Bible Dictionary, p. 707).

     When one considers that New Testament writers literally quoted hundreds of Old Testament scriptures, including 76 verses from Isaiah (LDS Bible Dictionary, pp. 756-59), it should not surprise us that Book of Mormon writers did likewise.

     If critics of the Book of Mormon are making an accusation of plagiarism, then they are by the same logic indicting their own Bible. Close examination of the Old Testament reveals many passages which are copied nearly word for word, including grammatical errors. Micah, who lived hundreds of years after Isaiah, prophesied word for word in Micah 4:1-3 what Isaiah prophesied in Isaiah 2:2-4, without once giving him credit (see A. Melvin McDonald, Day of Defense, p. 49). We also find the genealogy from Genesis 5, 10-11, 36 repeated in 1 Chronicles, and much of the history in Samuel and Kings is repeated in Chronicles. Isaiah 36:2 through 38:6 is the same as 2 Kings 18:17 through 20:6.

     Paul has been cited as the most original of all New Testament writers, but investigations of his epistles show that Paul often quoted from classical writers, orators, dramas, law courts, sports commentaries, and ancient religious rites. Even the well-known Pauline formula of "faith, hope, and charity," which also appears in the Book of Mormon, has been found in Babylonian writings (Hugh Nibley, Since Cumorah, p. 128).

     Similarities between a prophecy found in the Book of Mormon (1 Nephi 14:11) and in Revelation (17:1, 15) have been noted by anti-Mormon critics, but to make these verses similar one has to bridge fourteen verses of John's book of Revelation. Moreover, the Book of Mormon itself notes that Nephi saw the same vision as John but was commanded not to write it (1 Nephi 14:25-27). That Nephi used similar words should not be surprising. Many Old Testament writers did likewise when they saw similar visions. Note the similarities between the following Old Testament prophecies and similar prophecies in the book of Revelation:

     1. Isaiah 48:12 and Revelation 1:17; 2:8--First and last

     2. Genesis 2:9 and Revelation 2:7; 22:2--Tree of Life

     3. Psalms 62:12 and Revelation 2:23; 20:13--To every man according to works

     4. Zechariah 6:1-3 and Revelation 6:4-8--Red, white, black, and pale horses

     5. Joel 2:31 and Revelation 6:12--Sun darkened and moon turned to blood

     6. Hosea 10:8 and Revelation 6:16--Mountains, fall on us

     7. Zechariah 4:2-3 and Revelation 11:4--Two olive trees and candlesticks(s)

     8. Daniel 7:4-7 and Revelation 13:2--Leopard, bear, lion, and dragon

     9. Daniel 7:21 and Revelation 13:7--A beast makes war with the saints and prevails

     10. Daniel 7:7 and Revelation 17:12--A beast with ten horns

     11. Isaiah 21:9 and Revelation 18:2--Babylon is fallen

     12. Isaiah 52:11 and Revelation 18:4--Come out of her

     13. Isaiah 65:17 and Revelation 21:1--New heaven and new earth

     14. Isaiah 60:14-20 and Revelation 21:23--A holy city lit by the Lord's glory

     15. Deuteronomy 4:2 and Revelation 22:18--Add not unto these words

 

     Critics also cite similarities between Book of Mormon scriptures and Old Testament scriptures written after Lehi's departure from Jerusalem and the Old World. A typical example is found in 3 Nephi 28:21-22, but similarities between the lives of three Nephites and the misadventure of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego (Daniel 3:6) and Daniel (Daniel 6:16) don't hold a candle to similarities between Peter's and Paul's ministries found in Acts:

     Acts 3:1-11; 14:8-18--Healed a man lame from birth

     Acts 5:15-16; 19:11-12--Healings without direct contact

     Acts 5:17; 13:45--Jewish jealousy

     Acts 8:9-24; 13:6-11--Dealings with a sorcerer

     Acts 8:17; 19:6--Laying on of hands

     Acts 9:36-41; 20:9-12--Raised another to life

     Acts 10:10; 22:17--Received revelation in a trance

     Acts 10:10-48; 22:17-21--Shown in a vision the need to take the Gospel to the Gentiles

     Acts 10:25; 14:11-12--Worshipped by men

     Acts 12:5-12; 16:25-34--Imprisoned, set loose

 

There are many events in history, and especially scriptural history, which seem to repeat. The above similarities are just a few examples. As Ecclesiastes says, "there is no new thing under the sun" (Ecclesiastes 1:9). [Michael W. Hickenbotham, Answering Challenging Mormon Questions, pp. 193-196, 219, 221] [For a few examples of additional commentary on the subject of similarities and purposeful linkage between scriptural records, see Title Page: "Translated by Joseph Smith, Jr.; 1 Nephi 11:21; 13:26; 13:28; 13:40; 14:26; 14:29; 20-21; 20:11; 2 Nephi 3:11; 12-24; 25:19; 26:4; Jacob 5; Alma 33:11; Helaman 8:17; 3 Nephi 12-14]

 

     To those who still might be wondering how to justify similarities between the Bible and the Book of Mormon, Elder Bruce R. McConkie offers this challenge:

           May I be so bold as to propose a test and issue a challenge. It is hoped that all who take this test will have a knowledge of the Holy Bible, because the more people know about the Bible, the greater their appreciation will be of the Book of Mormon.

           This test is for saint and sinner alike; it is for Jew and Gentile, for bond and free, for black and white, for all of our Father's children. We have all been commanded to search the scriptures, to treasure up the Lord's word, to live by every word that proceedeth forth from the mouth of God. (See D&C 84:44) This, then is the test:

           Let every person make a list of from one hundred to two hundred doctrinal subjects, making a conscious effort to cover the whole field of gospel knowledge. The number of subjects chosen will depend on personal inclination and upon how broad the spectrum will be under each subject.

           Then write each subject on a blank piece of paper. Divide the paper into two columns; at the top of one, write "Book of Mormon," and at the top of the other, "Bible."

           Then start with the first verse and phrase of the Book of Mormon, and continuing verse by verse and thought by thought, put the substance of each verse under its proper heading. Find the same doctrine in the Old and New Testaments, and place it in the parallel columns.

           Ponder the truths you learn, and it will not be long before you know that Lehi and Jacob excel Paul in teaching the Atonement; that Alma's sermons on faith and on being born again surpass anything in the Bible; that Nephi makes a better exposition of the scattering and gathering of Israel than do Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel combined; that Mormon's words about faith, hope, and charity have a clarity, a breadth, and a power of expression that even Paul did not attain; and so on and so on.

           There is another and simpler test that all who seek to know the truth might well take. It calls for us simply to read, poinder, and pray--all in the spirit of faith and with an open mind. To keep ourselves alert to the issues at hand--as we do read, ponder, and pray--we should ask ourselves a thousand times, "Could any man have written this book?"

           And it is absolutely guaranteed that sometime between the first and thousandth time this question is asked, every sincere and genuine truth seeker will come to know by the power of the Spirit that the Book of Mormon is true, that it is the mind and will and voice of the Lord to the whole world in our day. (Elder Bruce R. McConkie, What Think Ye of the Book of Mormon?" Ensign, November 1983, pp. 72-74)

 

 

Alan C. Miner

330 400 S. Ste. 4

Springville, UT 84663

801-489-4540

AAF.23

November 16, 2002

 

 

     BIBLE PHRASES WHICH APPEAR IN SIMILAR FORM IN THE BOOK OF MORMON

 

     1 Nephi 1:1 / 1 Corinthians 4:1, Luke 8:10

the mysteries of God / the mysteries of God            (B of M = 13 / Bible = 2 )

     1 Nephi 1:3 / Philemon 1:19

make it with mine own hand / written it with mine own hand      (B of M = 2 / Bible - 6 )      

     1 Nephi 1:5 / :

"it came to pass" / "it came to pass"            (B of M = 1384 / Bible = 547 times. N.T. = 95

     1 Nephi 1:7-15 / Revelations 4-5:

(Similar scenario for a prophetic call)

     1 Nephi 1:14 / Revelations 15:3

Great and marvelous are thy works, O Lord God Almighty / Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty (B of M = 24 / Bible = )

     1 Nephi 1:17 / 2 Maccabees 2:23,26,28,31

"make an abridgment" / "make an abridgment"

     1 Nephi 2:6 / Revelation 22:1

"river of water"

     1 Nephi 2:11 / Romans 1:21

foolish imaginations of his heart / became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened      (B of M = 2 / Bible = 1

     1 Nephi 2:18 / Mark 3:5

being grieved because of the hardness of their hearts / being grieved for the hardness of their hearts [see also 1 Nephi 7:8

     1 Nephi 2:20 / Deuteronomy 29:9

And inasmuch as ye shall keep my commandments, ye shall prosper / Keep therefore the words of this covenant, and do them, that ye may prosper in all that ye do.

     1 Nephi 2:20 / Hebrews 11:9

"land of promise" (B of M has over 22 other references; Bible = 9 )

     1 Nephi 2:24 / 2 Peter 1:13

to stir them up in the ways of remembrance / to stir you up by putting you in remembrance

     1 Nephi 3:3 / Ecclesiasticus 50:3

"plates of brass" / "plates of brass"

     1 Nephi 3:3 / 1 Maccabees 8:22

"plates of brass" / "tables of brass"

     1 Nephi 3:13 / Ezekiel 18:10

"robber" ( B of M = 6 / Bible = 5 )

     1 Nephi 3:20 / Acts 3:21

by the mouth of all the holy prophets . . . since the world began / by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began (B of M = 19 other references; Bible = )

     1 Nephi 4:20 / 1 Maccabees 14:48-49

"the treasury of Laban" / "the treasury" (including written records)

     1 Nephi 5:8 / Acts 12:11

I also know of a surety that the Lord hath / I know of a surety, that the Lord hath

     1 Nephi 6:5 / John 17:14

those who are not of the world / they are not of the world

     1 Nephi 7:1 / Genesis 24:37; 27:46; 28:2; 28:6; Judges 14:3

but that my sons should take daughters to wife / Thou shalt not take a wife to my son of the daughters of the Canaanites; if Jacob take a wife of the daughters of Heth; take thee a wife from thence of the daughters of Laban; Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan; Is there never a woman among the daughters of thy brethren

     1 Nephi 7:8 / John 12:40

hard in your hearts / hardened their heart; the hardness of their hearts (see Mark 3:5) (B of M has more than 86 other references)

     1 Nephi 7:11 / Mark 5:19

great things the Lord hath done for us / great things the Lord hath done for thee

     1 Nephi 7:16 / Genesis 37:20

Similar Story: Nephi's brothers, like Joseph's brothers, desired to kill their godly brother.

     1 Nephi 8 & 11 / Dream of Joseph Smith Sr. (Lucy Mack Smith, Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith . . ., 1853)

     Parallels

 

1. Both Joseph Smith's father and Lehi state they were traveling.

2. Both mention a field.

3. Both dreams compare the field to a world.

4. Both Joseph Smith's father and Lehi have a guide.

5. Both mention a broad road or roads.

6. Both mention a narrow path.

7. Both mention a stream of water.

8. Both mention something extending along the bank of the stream.

9. Both mention a tree.

10. Both mention the beauty of the tree.

11. Both trees bore fruit.

12. Both compared the whiteness of the fruit with snow.

13. Both Joseph Smith's father and lehi ate of the fruit.

14. Both found the fruit very delicious.

15. Both wanted their families to partake of the fruit.

16. Both families came and partook of the fruit.

17. After eating the fruit both experienced great joy.

18. Both mention a spacious building.

19. Both indicate the building reached high into the air.

20. Both buildings were filled with people.

21. In both building the people were finely dressed.

22. In both cases the people in the building pointed the finger of scorn at those partaking of the fruit.

23. Both state they ignored the people in the building.

24. Both state the meaning of the fruit is the pure love of God.

25. Both state two members of the family aren't present.

26. Both mention the fall of the building.

27. Both infer that pride was connected with the building or its inhabitants

 

     1 Nephi 8:8 / Genesis 29:14

for the space of / for the space of            B of M = 87 times / Bible = 20 times

     1 Nephi 8:9 / 2 Esdras 10:55

"a large and spacious field" / "the field, where no foundation of any building was"

     1 Nephi 10:8 / Isaiah 40:3

(see John 1:23) he should go forth and cry in the wilderness: Prepare ye the way of the Lord and make his paths straight / The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make straight in the desert a highway for our God; He said, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord, as said the prophet Esaias

     1 Nephi 10:8 / John 1:26-27

for there standeth one among you whom ye know not and he is mightier than I / there standeth one among you, whom ye know not. He it is, who coming after me is preferred before me

     1 Nephi 10:8 / John 1:27

whose shoe's latchet I am not worthy to unloose / whose shoe's latchet I am not worthy to unloose.

     1 Nephi 10:9 / John 1:28

in Bethabara, beyond Jordan / in Bethabara beyond Jordan, where John was baptizing

     1 Nephi 10:9 / John 1:31

baptize the Messiah with water / I come baptizing with water

     1 Nephi 10:10 / John 1:29

the Lamb of God who should take away the sins of the world / the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sins of the world

     1 Nephi 10:12 / Romans 11:17, 24

an olive-tree whose branches should be broken off / And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert grafted in among them

     1 Nephi 10:14 / Romans 11:23

OT/NT should be grafted in / shall be grafted in

     1 Nephi 10:17 / Hebrews 11:6

all those who diligently seek him / them that diligently seek him

     1 Nephi 10:17 / Romans 15:13

OT/NT the power of the Holy Ghost / the power of the Holy Ghost

     1 Nephi 10:18 / Matthew 25:34

prepared for all men from the foundation of the world / inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world (B of M has more than 22 other references; Bible = )

     1 Nephi 10:21 / 2 Corinthians 5:10

before the judgment-seat of God / we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ

     1 Nephi 10:21 / Ephesians 5:5

Wherefore, if ye have sought to do wickedly in the days of your probation, then ye are found unclean before the judgment-seat of God; and no unclean thing can dwell with God / For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God

     1 Nephi 11:1 / Matthew 4:8

OT/NT into an exceeding high mountain / into an exceeding high mountain

     1 Nephi 11:21 / John 1:36

OT/NT Behold the Lamb of God / Behold the Lamb of God

     1 Nephi 11:25 / Revelation 7:17

OT/NT led to the fountain of living waters / lead them unto living fountains of waters

     1 Nephi 11:27 / John 1:32

the Holy Ghost come down out of heaven and abide upon him in the form of a dove / I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him

     1 Nephi 11:31 / Matthew 4:24

OT/NT who were sick, and who were afflicted with all manner of diseases, and with devils . all sick people that were taken with divers diseases . . . and those which were possessed with devils

     1 Nephi 11:33 / John 1:29

OT/NT the sins of the world / the sin of the world

     1 Nephi 12:4 / Matthew 27:51

the rocks, that they rent / the rocks rent

     1 Nephi 12:11 / Revelation 7:14

OT/NT made white in the blood of the Lamb / made them white in the blood of the Lamb

     1 Nephi 12:18 / Romans 1:21

vain imaginations / became vain in their imaginations

     1 Nephi 13:8 / Revelation 18:12

OT/NT gold, and the silver, and the silks, and the scarlets / gold, and silver, . . . and silk, and scarlet

     1 Nephi 13:27 / Acts 13:10

OT/NT pervert the right ways of the Lord / pervert the right ways of the Lords

     1 Nephi 13:27 / John 12:40

"that they might blind the eyes and harden the hearts of the children of men" / "He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart"

     1 Nephi 13:37 / Isaiah 52:7

Paraphrase

     1 Nephi 13:37 / John 6:40

they shall be lifted up at the last day / I will raise him up at the last day

     1 Nephi 13:37 / Matthew 10:22

OT/NT endure unto the end . . . shall be saved / endureth to the end shall be saved

     1 Nephi 13:40 / 2 Maccabees 2:1

"in the records" / "in the records" note* this 3 word phrase is absent in the OT & NT

     1 Nephi 13:40 / Revelation 7:9

all kindreds, tongues, and people / all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues

     1 Nephi 13:42 / Matthew 19:30

And the time cometh that he shall manifest himself unto all nations, both unto the Jews and also unto the gentiles; and after he has manifested himself unto the Jews and also unto the Gentiles, then he shall manifest himself unto the Gentiles and also unto the Jews, and the last shall be first, and the first shall be last / But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first.

     1 Nephi 13:47 / Isaiah 52:7

the Lamb; and whoso shall publish peace, yea, tidings of great joy, how beautiful upon the mountains shall they be / How beautiful upon the mountain . . .

     1 Nephi 14:7 / Isaiah 29:14

I will work a great and a marvelous work among the children of men / I will proceed to do a marvellous work among this people, even a marvellous work and a wonder

     1 Nephi 14:10 / Revelation 17:5

that great church, which is the mother of abominations; and she is the whore of all the earth / Babylon the great, the mother of harlots and abominations of the earth

     1 Nephi 14:11 / Revelation 17:15

I . . . beheld the whore of all the earth, and she sat upon many waters; and she had dominion over all the earth, among all nations, kindreds, tongues, and peoples / The waters which thou sawest, where the whore sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues

     1 Nephi 14:13 / Revelation 17:14

to fight against the Lamb of God / these shall make war with the Lamb

     1 Nephi 14:15 / Matthew 24:6

the wrath of God was poured out upon that great and abominable church, insomuch that there were wars and rumors of wars / ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars

     1 Nephi 14:16 / Isaiah 66:15-16

Similar idea or phrasing

     1 Nephi 14:16 / Matthew 24:6

Similar idea or phrasing

     1 Nephi 14:30 / Revelation 17:3

OT/NT I was carried away in the Spirit / So he carried me away in the spirit

     1 Nephi 15:4 / Mark 3:5

was grieved because of the hardness of their hearts / being grieved for the hardness of their hearts

     1 Nephi 15:12 / Romans 11:17,24,33

the house of Israel was compared unto an olive-tree . . . and behold are we not broken off from the house of Israel, and are we not a branch of the house of Israel? / And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them . . . For thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and wert graffed contrary to nature into a good olive tree

     1 Nephi 15:24 / Ephesians 6:16

the fiery darts of the adversary / all the fiery darts of the wicked

     1 Nephi 15:34 / Ephesians 5:5

there cannot any unclean thing enter into the kingdom of God / nor unclean person, . . . hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ

     1 Nephi 16:2 / John 12:32

be lifted up / be lifted up (see also 1 Nephi 19:10)

     1 Nephi 16:32 / 2 Esdras 13:46

"and now when they" / "and now when they" note* the phase is not found in the Bible

     1 Nephi 17:4 / Numbers 14:33

Similar Story: The people of the Exodus wandered in the wilderness for many years.

     1 Nephi 17:7 / Exodus 25:8

See also Exodus 19:20

     1 Nephi 17:20 / Exodus 16:7, 3

Similar Story: The people soon began "murmuring against the Lord" and thought it would have been better to die in the land from which they had come.

     1 Nephi 17:20 / Romans 1:21

"led away by the foolish imaginations of his heart / became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened

     1 Nephi 17:36 / Isaiah 45:18

Paraphrase

     1 Nephi 17:39 / Isaiah 66:1

He ruleth high in the heavens, for it is his throne, and this earth is his footstool / Thus saith the Lord, The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool

     1 Nephi 18:8-21 / Matthew 8:23-27

Similar Story: Calming the Storm

     1 Nephi 18:18 / Genesis 44:18-29

"their grey hairs were about to be brought down to lie low / "ye shall bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave"

     1 Nephi 18:21 / Mark 4:39

the winds did cease . . . and there was a great calm / the wind ceased, and there was a great calm

     1 Nephi 19:16 / Isaiah 11:12

"I will gather in . . . from the four quarters of the earth / "gathered from the four quarters of the earth" See 1 Nephi 22:25; 3 Nephi 5:24, 26; 3 Nephi 16:5; Ether 13:11

     1 Nephi 19:23 / 2 Timothy 3:16

all scripture unto us, that it might be for our profit and learning / All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine

     1 NEPHI 20 / ISAIAH 48

22 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     1 NEPHI 21 / ISAIAH 49

26 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     1 Nephi 22:5 / Isaiah 43:6-7

Similar idea or phrasing

     1 Nephi 22:5 / Psalms 50:5

Similar idea or phrasing

     1 Nephi 22:5 / Jeremiah 3:14

Similar idea or phrasing

     1 Nephi 22:6 / Isaiah 49:22

Par.

     1 Nephi 22:8 / Isaiah 49:22-23 + 29:14

Paraphrase

     1 Nephi 22:10-11 / Isaiah 52:10

Par.

     1 Nephi 22:15 / Isaiah 47:14

Paraphrase

     1 Nephi 22:15 / Malachi 4:1

for the day soon cometh that all the proud and they who do wickedly shall be as stubble; and the day cometh that they must be burned / For behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble; and the day that cometh shall burn them up

     1 Nephi 22:18 / Acts 2:19

blood, and fire, and vapor of smoke / blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke

     1 Nephi 22:20-22 / Acts 3:20-23

And the Lord will surely prepare a way for his people, unto the fulfilling of the words of Moses, which he spake, saying: A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you . . . And now I, Nephi, declare unto you, that this prophet of whom Moses spake was the Holy One of Israel . . . / And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you . . . For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you.

     1 Nephi 22:23 / 1 John 2:16

the lusts of the flesh / the lust of the flesh

     1 Nephi 22:25 / Isaiah 11:12

""gathered from the four quarters of the earth"

     1 Nephi 22:25 / John 10:16,9

And he gathereth his children . . . and he numbereth his sheep, and they know him; and there shall be one fold and one shepherd / And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold; them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd

     1 Nephi 22:28 / Revelation 7:9

all nations, kindreds, tongues, and people /

     1 Nephi 22:31 / Matthew 24:13

If ye shall be obedient to the commandments, and endure to the end, ye shall be saved at the last day / But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved

     2 Nephi 1:12 / Ecclesiastes 1:4

Yea, as one generation passeth to another / One generation passeth away, and another generation cometh

     2 Nephi 1:13 / Romans 13:11

awake from a deep sleep / awake out of sleep

     2 Nephi 1:23 / Isaiah 52:2

arise from the dust / Shake thyself from the dust; arise

     2 Nephi 1:23 / 2 Corinthians 6:7

the armor of righteousness / the armour of righteousness

     2 Nephi 2:2 / Micah 4:13

he shall consecrate thine afflictions for thy gain / I will consecrate their gain unto the Lord

     2 Nephi 2:5 / Galatians 2:16

by the law no flesh is justified / by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified

     2 Nephi 2:6 / John 1:14

full of grace and truth / full of grace and truth

     2 Nephi 2:8 / Acts 26:23

being the first that should rise / he should be the first that should rise from the dead. Similar Theme: see Colossians 1:18; Revelation 1:5

     2 Nephi 2:9,10 / Hebrews 7:25

he shall make intercession for all the children of men / he is able also to save them . . . seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.

     2 Nephi 2:18 / Revelation 12:9

And because he had fallen from heaven, and had become miserable forever, he sought also the misery of all mankind . Wherefore, he said unto Eve, yea, even that old serpent, who is the devil, who is the father of all lies / And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world

     2 Nephi 4:5 / Proverbs 22:6

I know that if ye are brought up in the way ye should go ye will not depart from it / Train up a child in the way he should go; and when he is old, he will not depart from it

     2 Nephi 4:17 / Romans 7:24

O wretched man that I am / O wretched man that I am

     2 Nephi 4:18 / Hebrews 12:1

the sins which do so easily beset me / the sin which doth so easily beset us

     2 Nephi 4:19 / 2 Timothy 1:12

I know in whom I have trusted / I know whom I have believed

     2 Nephi 4:35 / James 4:3

I ask not amiss / ye ask amiss

     2 Nephi 5:25 / 2 Peter 1:13

to stir them up in remembrance / to stir you up by putting you in remembrance

     2 Nephi 6:6-7 / Isaiah 49:22-23

2 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     2 Nephi 6:9 / 1 Timothy 3:16

the Lord God . . . should manifest himself unto them in the flesh / God was manifest in the flesh

     2 Nephi 6:15 / Isaiah 29:6

Paraphrase

     2 NEPHI 6:16-18 / iSAIAH 49:24-26

3 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     2 NEPHI 7 / ISAIAH 50      (Much Paraphrasing)

11 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     2 NEPHI 8 / ISAIAH 51      (Much Paraphrasing)

23 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     2 Nephi 9:2 / Acts 3:21

That he has spoken unto the Jews, by the mouth of his holy prophets, even from the beginning . . . until the time comes that they shall be restored to the true church . . . / Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began

     2 Nephi 9:7 / 1 Corinthians 15:53

this corruption could not put on incorruption / this corruptible must put on incorruption

     2 Nephi 9:9 / 2 Corinthians 11:3,14

that being who beguiled our first parents, who transformeth himself nigh unto an angel of light / for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light.

     2 Nephi 9:12 / Revelation 20:13

death and hell must deliver up their dead / death and hell delivered up the dead

     2 Nephi 9:13 / Revelation 2:7

the paradise of God / the paradise of God

     2 Nephi 9:16 / Revelation 14:11

ascendeth up forever and ever / ascendeth up for ever and ever

     2 Nephi 9:16 / Revelation 22:11

they who are righteous shall be righteous still, and they who are filthy shall be filthy still / he which is filthy, let him be filthy still; and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still

     2 Nephi 9:18 / John 15:11

their joy shall be full j/ that your joy might be full

     2 Nephi 9:19 / Revelation 20:10

that lake of fire and brimstone, which is endless torment / the lake of fire and brimstone . . . and shall be tormented day and night for ever

     2 Nephi 9:23 / Acts 17:30

commandeth all men that they must repent / commandeth all men every where to repent

     2 Nephi 9:25 / Romans 4:15

where there is no law given there is no punishment; and where there is no punishment there is no condemnation; and where there is no condemnation the mercies of the Holy One of Israel have claim upon them / for where no law is, there is no transgression

     2 Nephi 9:28 / 1 Corinthians 3:19

their wisdom is foolishness / the wisdom of this world is foolishness

     2 Nephi 9:30 / Matthew 6:21

(see also Luke 12:34) hearts are upon their treasures / where your treasure is, there will your heart be also

     2 Nephi 9:34 / Luke 10:15

"thrust down to hell"

     2 Nephi 9:38 / John 8:21, 24

die in their sins / die in your sins

     2 Nephi 9:40 / 2 Thessalonians 2:10

love the truth / love of the truth

     2 Nephi 9:42 / Matthew 7:8

And whoso knocketh, to him will he open / and to him that knocketh it shall be opened

     2 Nephi 9:50-51 / Isaiah 55:1-2

Paraphrase

     2 Nephi 10:4 / Matthew 11:21

For should the mighty miracles be wrought among other nations they would repent / for if the mighty works, which were done in you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented

     2 Nephi 10:16 / Matthew 12:30

(see also Luke 11:23) they who are not for me are against me / He that is not with me is against me

     2 Nephi 10:24 / Ephesians 2:8

remember, after ye are reconciled unto god, that it is only in and through the grace of God that ye are saved / For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God

     2 Nephi 10:24 / Romans 5:10

reconciled unto God / reconciled to God

     2 Nephi 11:7 / Galatians 4:4

(see Ephesians 1:10) the fulness of his own time / the fulness of the time

     2 NEPHI 12 / ISAIAH 2

22 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     2 NEPHI 13 / ISAIAH 3

26 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     2 NEPHI 14 / ISAIAH 4

6 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     2 NEPHI 15 / ISAIAH 5

30 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     2 NEPHI 16 / ISAIAH 6:

13 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     2 NEPHI 17 / ISAIAH 7

25 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     2 NEPHI 18 / ISAIAH 8

22 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     2 NEPHI 19 / ISAIAH 9

21 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     2 NEPHI 20 / ISAIAH 10

34 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     2 NEPHI 21 / ISAIAH 11

16 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     2 NEPHI 22 / ISAIAH 12

6 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     2 NEPHI 23 / ISAIAH 13

22 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     2 NEPHI 24 / ISAIAH 14

32 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     2 Nephi 25:11 / Isaiah 29:14 + 11:11

Paraphrase

     2 Nephi 25:12 / Matthew 24:6

OT/NT wars, and rumors of wars / wars and rumours of wars

     2 Nephi 25:14 / John 1:12

OT/NT as many as will believe on his name / to them that believe on his name

     2 Nephi 25:17 / Isaiah 29:14 + 11:11

Paraphrase

     2 Nephi 25:20 / Acts 4:12

there is none other name given under heaven save it be this Jesus Christ of which I have spoken, whereby man can be saved / for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved

     2 Nephi 25:23 / Ephesians 2:8

OT/NT it is by grace that we are saved / by grace are ye saved

     2 Nephi 25:25 / 1 Corinthians 15:22

OT/NT made alive in Christ / in Christ shall all be made alive

     2 Nephi 26:3 / Joel 2:11

and great and terrible shall that day be unto the wicked, for they shall perish / the day of the Lord is great and very terrible and who can abide it?

[Note" In the verses that follow, Nephi is using language similar to the prophecy of Malachi]

     2 Nephi 26:4 / Malachi 4:1

 

     2 Nephi 26:5 / Matthew 21:44

grind them to powder / grind them to powder

     2 Nephi 26:6 / Malachi 4:1

 

     2 Nephi 26:10 / John 3:19

OT/NT darkness rather than light / darkness rather than light

     2 Nephi 26:15-16,18 / Isaiah 29:3-5

Par.

     2 Nephi 26:17 / Isaiah 29:11

Similar idea or phrasing

     2 Nephi 26:24 / John 12:32

that he may draw all men unto him / And I . . . will draw all men unto me

     2 Nephi 26:25 / Isaiah 55:1

Par.

     2 Nephi 26:33 / Galatians 3:28

OT/NT bond and free, male and female / bond nor free, . . . male nor female

     2 Nephi 27:2-5 / Isaiah 29:6-10

4 Total Verses: Paraphrase

     2 Nephi 27:6-9 / Isaiah 29:4,11

4 Total Verses: Paraphrase

     2 Nephi 27:15-19 / Isaiah 29:11-12

4 Total Verses: Paraphrase

     2 Nephi 27:25 / Matthew 15:7, 8

draw near unto me with their mouth, and with their lips do honor me, but have removed their hearts far from me. See Mark 7:5, 6

     2 Nephi 27:25-35 / Isaiah 29:13-24

11 Total Verses: Paraphrase

     2 Nephi 28:7 / Proverbs 16:25; 1 Corinthians 15:32

Eat, drink, and be merry, for tomorrow we die / let us eat and drink; for to morrow we die.

     2 Nephi 28:8 / Luke 12:48

will beat us with a few stripes / be beaten with few stripes

     2 Nephi 28:9 / Isaiah 29:13,15

Paraphrase

     2 Nephi 28:14 / Isaiah 29:13

Paraphrase

     2 Nephi 28:15 / Acts 13:10

pervert the right way of the Lord / pervert the right ways of the Lord

     2 Nephi 28:16 / Isaiah 29:21

Par.

     2 Nephi 28:23 / Revelation 20:14

a lake of fire / the lake of fire

     2 Nephi 28:28 / Matthew 7:24

built upon the rock / built his house upon a rock

     2 Nephi 28:28 / Matthew 7:26,27

he that is built upon a sandy foundation trembleth lest he shall fall / a foolish man which built his house upon the sand . . . and it fell

     2 Nephi 28:30 / Isaiah 28:10,13

Paraphrase

     2 Nephi 28:31 / Jeremiah 17:5

"cursed be the man that trusteth in men and maketh flesh his arm"

     2 Nephi 28:32 / Isaiah 9:12-13

Paraphrase

     2 Nephi 29:1 / Isaiah 29:14;11:11

cf. 2 Nephi 25:11

     2 Nephi 29:2 / Isaiah 49:22      (See also Isaiah 5:26; 18:3)

Similar idea or phrasing

     2 Nephi 29:11 / Revelation 20:12

out of the books which shall be written I will judge the world, every man according their works / out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works

     2 Nephi 30:6 / Acts 9:18

scales of darkness shall begin to fall from their eyes / fell from his eyes as it had been scales

     2 NEPHI 30:9,11-15 / ISAIAH 11:4-9

6 Total Verses: Para. [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     2 Nephi 30:17 / Luke 8:17

There is nothing which is secret save it shall be revealed; there is no work of darkness save it shall be made manifest in the light; and there is nothing which is sealed upon the earth save it shall be loosed / For nothing is secret, that shall not be made manifest; neither any thing hid, that shall not be known and come abroad.

     2 Nephi 31:2 / Hebrews 6:1

(see also 2 John 1:9) the doctrine of Christ / the doctrine of Christ

     2 Nephi 31:4 / John 1:29

the Lamb of God, which should take away the sins of the world / the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world

     2 Nephi 31:5 / Matthew 3:15

OT/NT to fulfil all righteousness / to fulfil all righteousness

     2 Nephi 31:9 / Matthew 7:13,14

And again, it showeth unto the children of men the straitness of the path, and the narrowness of the gate, by which they should enter / Enter ye in at the strait gate . . . Because strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life

     2 Nephi 31:13 / Matthew 3:11

OT/NT baptism of fire and of the Holy Ghost / baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire

     2 Nephi 31:14 / 2 Peter 2:21

OT/NT better for you that ye had not known me / better for them not to have known the way

     2 Nephi 31:15 / Matthew 10:22

OT/NT He that endureth to the end, the same shall be saved / he that endureth to the end shall be saved

     2 Nephi 31:16 / Matthew 24:13

unless a man shall endure to the end, in following the example of the Son of the living God, he cannot be saved / But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved

     2 Nephi 31:20 / Matthew 24:13

endure to the end / endure to the end

     2 Nephi 31:21 / Hebrews 6:1; 2 John 1:9

And now behold, this is the doctrine of Christ / Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection & Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God.

     2 Nephi 31:21 / Acts 4:12

there is none other way nor name given under heaven whereby man can be saved / Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.

     2 Nephi 31:21 / Matthew 28:19

OT/NT of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost / of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost

     2 Nephi 32:4 / James 4:2

because ye ask not / because ye ask not

     2 Nephi 32:6 / Hebrews 6:1; 2 John 1:9

Behold, this is the doctrine of Christ / Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection & Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God.

     2 Nephi 32:9 / Luke 18:1

I say unto you that ye must pray always, and not faint / that men ought always to pray, and not to faint

     2 Nephi 33:9 / Matthew 7:13,14

enter into the narrow gate, and walk in the strait path which leads to life and continue in the path until the end of the day of probation / Enter ye in at the strait gate . . . Because strait is the gate and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life

     2 Nephi 28:7 / Isaiah 22:13

"eat drink and be merry, for tomorrow we die" see Luke and 1 Corinthians 15

     Jacob Title / Hebrews 6:1; 2 John 1:9

He confoundeth a man who seeketh to overthrow the doctrine of Christ / Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection & Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God.

     Jacob 1:4 / 1 Corinthians 4:10

for Christ's sake / for Christ's sake

     Jacob 1:7 / Hebrews 3:7,8,11

lest by any means he should swear in his wrath they should not enter in, as in the provocation in the days of temptation while the children of Israel were in the wilderness / Harden no your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness . . . So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest

     Jacob 2:18 / Matthew 6:33

But before ye seek for riches, seek ye for the kingdom of God / But seek ye first the kingdom of God . . . and all these things shall be added unto you

     Jacob 2:19 / Matthew 25:35,36,37

for the intent to do good--to clothe the naked, and to feed the hungry, and to liberate the captive, and administer relief to the sick and the afflicted / For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat; I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: Naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me

     Jacob 2:31 / Judges 14:3

the daughters of my people in the land of Jerusalem / the daughters of thy brethren, or among all my people

     Jacob 2:32 / Genesis 6:2

the fair daughters of this people / the daughters of men that they were fair

     Jacob 2:32 / Job 42:15

the fair daughters of this people / so fair as the daughters of Job

     Jacob 3:13 / Nehemiah 5:11

And a hundredth part / Also the hundredth part

     Jacob 4:8 / Psalms 145:3

How unsearchable are the depths of the mysteries of him / his greatness is unsearchable

     Jacob 4:8 / Romans 11:33

How unsearchable are the depths of the mysteries of him / how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways

     Jacob 4:8 / Romans 11:33

Behold, great and marvelous are the words of the Lord. How unsearchable are the depths of the mysteries of him; and it is impossible that man should find out all his ways save it be revealed unto him / O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!

     JACOB 5: / ROMANS 11:

Similar Story: Parable of the Olive Trees

     Jacob 5:7 / John 15:6

wither away, and we will cast them into the fire that they may be burned / withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned

     Jacob 5:9 / Luke 13:7

cumber the ground / cumbereth it the ground

     Jacob 5 / Matthew 3:8,10

           / Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance. . . And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire

     Jacob 5:47 / Luke 13:7,8

But what could I have done more in my vineyard? . . . I have nourished it, and I have digged about it, and I have pruned it, and I have dunged it . . . And it grieveth me that I should hew down all the trees of my vineyard, and cast them into the fire that they should be burned / let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it: And if it bear fruit, well: and it not, then after that thou shalt cut it down.

     Jacob 5:50 / Luke 13:8

Spare it a little longer / Lord, let it alone this year also

     Jacob 6:6-7 / Psalms 95:7

today, if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts / To day if ye will hear his voice, Harden not your heart

     Jacob 6:7 / Matthew 3:8,10

will ye bring forth evil fruit, that ye must be hewn down and cast into the fire? / Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance. . . And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire

     Jacob 6:8 / 1 Thessalonians 5:19

quench the Holy Spirit / quench not the Spirit

     Jacob 7:2 / Hebrews 6:1; 2 John 1:9

this he did that he might overthrow the doctrine of Christ / Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection & Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God.

     Jacob 7:6 / Hebrews 6:1; 2 John 1:9

preaching that which ye call the gospel or the doctrine of Christ / Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection & Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God.

     Enos 1:1 / Ephesians 6:4

my father . . . taught me . . . in the nurture and admonition of the Lord / And ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath: but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord

     Enos 1:8 / Matthew 9:22

thy faith hath made thee whole / thy faith hath made thee whole (see also Luke 8:48; 17:19)

     Enos 1:27 / Matthew 25:34

Come unto me, ye blessed / Come, ye blessed

     Mosiah 1:9 / Joshua 23:14

"go the way of all the earth"

     Mosiah 1:17 / 2 Peter 1:13

to stir them up in remembrance / to stir you up by putting you in remembrance

     Mosiah 2:15 / 1 Peter 3:21

a clear conscience before God / a good conscience toward God

     Mosiah 2:33 / 1 Corinthians 11:29

drinketh damnation to his own soul / drinketh damnation to himself

     Mosiah 2:38 / Matthew 3:12

an unquenchable fire / an unquenchable fire

     Mosiah 3:9 / John 1:11

he cometh unto his own / he came unto his own

     Mosiah 3:9,10 / Matthew 20:19

and shall crucify him. And he shall rise the third day / to crucify him; and the third day he shall rise again

     Mosiah 3:17 / Acts 4:12

there shall be no other name given nor any other way nor means whereby salvation can come / there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved

     Mosiah 3:18 / Matthew 18:3

become as little children / become as little children

     Mosiah 3:19 / Colossians 3:9

putteth off the natural man / put off the old man

     Mosiah 3:19 / Romans 8:6,7

For the natural man is an enemy to God / Because the carnal mind is enmity against God

     Mosiah 3:24 / 2 Corinthians 5:10

whereof they shall be judged, every man according to his works, whether they be good, or whether they be evil. / For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things don in his body, according to that he hath done, whether tit be good or bad

     Mosiah 3:26 / Revelation 16:19

the cup of the wrath of God / the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath

     Mosiah 4:6 / Matthew 25:34

the atonement which has been prepared from the foundation of the world / inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of he world

     Mosiah 4:14 / Acts 13:10

enemy to all righteousness / enemy of all righteousness

     Mosiah 4:26 / Matthew 25:35,36,37

feeding the hungry, clothing the naked, visiting the sick and administering to their relief / For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat; I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink; I was a stranger and ye took me in: naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me

     Mosiah 5:8 / Acts 4:12

There is no other name given whereby salvation cometh / for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved

     Mosiah 5:11 / Revelation 3:5

the name I said I should give unto you that never should be blotted out, except it be through transgression / I will not blot out his name

     Mosiah 5:15 / 1 Corinthians 15:58

ye should be steadfast and immovable, always abounding in good works / be ye steadfast and unmoveable, always abounding in the work of he Lord

     Mosiah 6:3 / 2 Peter 1:13

to stir them up in remembrance of the oath / to stir you up by putting you in remembrance

     Mosiah 10:8 / Matthew 3:4

a leathern girdle about their loins / a leathern girdle about his loins

     Mosiah 11:15 / Genesis 9:20-21

King Noah, like the biblical Noah planted vineyards and the wine led to his downfall.

     Mosiah 11:27 / Proverbs 2:2

"applied your hearts to understanding"

     MOSIAH 12:21-24 / ISAIAH 52:7-10

4 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     Mosiah 12:36 / Exodus 20:4

things which are in the earth beneath / thing . . . that is in the earth beneath

     Mosiah 13:5 / Exodus 34:30

the people of king Noah durst not lay their hands on him . . . his face shone with exceeding luster, even as Moses' did while in the mount of Sinai / the skin of his face shone; and they were afraid to come nigh him.

     MOSIAH 14 / ISAIAH 53

12 Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     Mosiah 15:6 / Isaiah 53:7

 

     Mosiah 15:8 / Hebrews 7:25

giving the Son power to make intercession for the children of men / seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them

     Mosiah 15:10 / Isaiah 53:10

Paraphrase

     Mosiah 15:14 / Isaiah 52:7

Paraphrase

     Mosiah 15:28 / Revelation 14:6

And now I say unto you that the time shall come that the salvation of the Lord shall be declared to every nation, kindred, tongue, and people / And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people

     Mosiah 15:29-31 / Isaiah 52:8-10

3 Total Verses

     Mosiah 16:1 / Revelation 14:6

The time shall come when all shall see the salvation of the Lord: when every nation, kindred, tongue, and people shall see eye to eye and shall confess before God / And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people

     Mosiah 16:3 / 2 Corinthians 11:3

that old serpent that did beguile our first parents / as the serpent beguiled Eve

     Mosiah 16:3 / Revelation 12:9

that old serpent did beguile our first parents, . . . which was the cause of all mankind becoming carnal, sensual, devilish Satan, which deceiveth the whole world

     Mosiah 16:7-8,10 / 1 Corinthians 15:14,53-55

And if Christ had not risen from the dead, or have broken the bands of death, that the grave should have no victory, and that death should have no sting, there could have been no resurrection. But there is a resurrection, therefore the grave hath no victory, and the sting of death is swallowed up in Christ. . . . Even this mortal shall put on immortality, and this corruption shall put on incorruption / And if Christ be not risen . . . For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. . . . then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory. O death where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?

     Mosiah 16:10 / 1 Corinthians 15:54

this mortal shall put on immortality / this mortal shall have put on immortality

     Mosiah 16:10 / 2 Corinthians 5:10

and shall be brought to stand before the bar of God, to be judged of him according to their works whether they be good or whether they be evil / For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.

     Mosiah 16:14-15 / Colossians 2:16-17

Therefore, if ye teach the law of Moses, also teach that it is a shadow of those things which are to come. Teach them that redemption cometh through Christ / Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holy day, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days; Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ

   Mosiah 17 SIMILAR STORY between the death of Abinadi and the trial and death of Jesus:

     1. The preaching of both Abinadi and Jesus made the rulers angry and they sought to kill them.

     2. Mosiah 17:5 / John 18:12 They were bound.

and they bound him / and the officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him

     3. Mosiah 17:12 / Luke 23:2 They were accused of not being loyal to the king

and began to accuse him, saying: He has reviled the king / And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King

     4. Mosiah 17:11 / John 19:12 The ruler questioned the prisoner, began to be afraid and decided to release him:

And now king Noah was about to release him / And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him

     5. Mosiah 17:12 / Luke 23:23 The people cried out against the prisoner

But the priests lifted up their voices against him / they were instant with loud voices, requiring that he might be crucified

     6. Mosiah 17:12-13 / John 19:16 The voice of the people prevailed

he delivered him up that he might be slain . . . they took him / Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away      

     7. Mosiah 17:19 / Luke 23:46 The prisoner died asking God to receive his spirit

O God, receive my soul / Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit

 

     Mosiah 18:21 / Colossians 2:2

having their hearts knit together in unity and in love one towards another / That their hearts might be comforted, being knit together in love

     Mosiah 18:21 / Ephesians 4:5

having one faith and one baptism / One Lord, one faith, one baptism

     Mosiah 20:1-5 / Judges 21:20-21

Similar Story: The daughters of the Lamanites would gather to dance & were seized by the priests of Noah. The daughters of Shiloh were dancing and seized by the children of Benjamin.

     Mosiah 23:13 / Galatians 5:1

stand fast in this liberty wherewith ye have been made free / Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free

     Mosiah 26:27 / Matthew 7:23

And then I will confess unto them that I never knew them; and they shall depart into everlasting fire prepared for the devil and his angels / And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you; depart from me, ye that work iniquity

     Mosiah 26:27 / Matthew 25:41

And then I will confess unto them that I never knew them; and they shall depart into everlasting fire prepared for the devil and his angels / Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels

     Mosiah 26:31 / Matthew 6:14

forgive one another your trespasses / forgive men their trespasses

     Mosiah 26:37 / Ephesians 5:15

walking circumspectly before God / See then that ye walk circumspectly, not as fools, but as wise

     Mosiah 27:8-37 / Acts 9:3-8; 22:6-11; 26:13-18

Similar Story: The conversion of Alma and the conversion of Paul.

 

     Similarities between the Conversion of Alma2 and Saul (Paul)

     1. Both Alma and Paul were very wicked men before their conversion. (Mosiah 27:8; 1 Timothy 1:12-13)

     2. Both were very skillful, talented and influential. (see Mosiah 27:8; Acts 22:3; Acts 9:1-2)

     3. Both Alma and Paul traveled about trying to destroy the church of God. (Alma 36:6; 1 Corinthians 15:9)

     4. Both persecuted the followers of Christ. (see Mosiah 27:9-10; Acts 8:3)

     5. Both Alma and Paul were vigorous in their persecution of the church. (Alma 36:14; Acts 22:4)

     6. Both Alma and Paul were out on one of their missions of persecution on the day of their conversion. (Mosiah 27:10-11; Acts 26:11-13)

     7. Alma and Saul each received a divine manifestation which resulted in their conversion to the gospel of Christ. (see Mosiah 27:11-12; Acts 9:3-6)

     8. In both cases the people present fell to the earth. (Mosiah 27:12; Acts 26:14)

     9. The companions of both Alma and Paul were unable to understand the voice that spoke. (Mosiah 27:12; Acts 22:9)

     10. In the vision both Alma and Paul were asked why they fought against the work of the Lord. "Why persecutest thou the church of God?" / "Saul, why persecutest thou me" (Mosiah 27:13; Acts 9:4, 8; 22:7)

     11. Both Alma and Paul became helpless after the vision and had to be helped by their friends. (Mosiah 27:19; Acts 9:8)      

     12. Both Alma and Saul's were afflicted as a result of the powerful manifestations they received, which afflictions were followed by their respective conversions to the gospel. In each case, the affliction lasted three days. (see Alma 356:6-26; Acts 9:9, 18-20)

     13. Apparently both went without food for a period of three days. (Mosiah 27:23, see Alma 36:10; Acts 9:9)

     14. In each case, a righteous man was an instrument in God's hands in bringing about the recovery and conversion of Alma and Saul. (See Mosiah 27:14, 20-23; Acts 9:10-18.)

     15. Both Alma and Paul were greatly affected by the Spirit or Holy Ghost. Alma was "born of the Spirit" (Mosiah 27:23-24) and Paul was "filled with the Holy Ghost" (Acts 9:17)

     16. In the cases of both Alma and Saul, their earlier pride led them to seek to destroy the Church of Christ, but they each learned great humility that helped them to be content in their allotted circumstances. (See Alma 29:3-6; Philippians 4:11-12)

     17. After their conversion both Alma and Paul traveled about preaching the word of God. (Mosiah 27:32; Acts 9:20)

     18. Both accounts are told more than once in the scriptural text. (Alma 27, 36; Acts 9, 26)

 

     Some Differences between the Conversion of Alma and Saul (Paul)

 

Alma

Paul

 

He lead members astray by preaching (Mos 27:10)

He persecuted members by legal "letters," by "compelling them to blaspheme," leading to punishment, prison and death (Acts 9:1-2; 26:10-11)

 

He persecuted members illegally (27:2, 10)

He persecuted members by official sanction (9:1-2)

   

An angel descended upon them "as it were in a cloud" (27:11)

At midday a light shone round about them above the brightness of the sun (Acts 9:3; 26:13)

      

A voice spoke as thunder which shook the earth (27:11)

Just a voice spoke, no modifying words or phrases (9:4)

      

An angel of the Lord appeared (27:11)

Jesus Christ appeared (Acts 9:5, 17; 26:15)

   

His companions fell to the earth (27:12; 27:18)

Two accounts: 1st they stood (9:7) 2nd they all fell (26:14)

    

No mention is made of language. "Why persecutest thou the church of God" (27:13; see Mos 26:22)

Christ spoke to Paul in Hebrew. "Saul, Saul, Why persecustest thou me?" But He used a phrase also found in the writings of Euripedes ("Why kick against the pricks") (9:4-5; 26:14)

 

Angel came in response to the prayers of the people and Alma's father (27:14) Came to convince Alma of the power & authority of God.

No mention

 

Companions beheld the angel (27:18) They understood not at first (27:12)

Companions heard a voice but saw no man (9:7)

 

Alma did not hear after initial message (Alma 36:11) Companions heard angel (36:11)

Paul could apparently still hear (9:6, 17)

 

Saw God sitting upon throne (36:22)

No mention      

 

Alma's speech taken away (struck dumb) (27:19; 36:10)

Paul's sight taken away by "scales" (9:9, 18)

 

Limbs lost their strength (27:22)

Paul stood and walked (9:8)

   

Taken to his father (27:19)

Ananias came to Paul (Christ had spoken to Ananias in vision) (9:10-17)

 

Alma's father called the priests to fast & pray (27:22)

No mention is made of any help

  

His account deals with his redemption process (27:23-31 Racked with eternal torment (36:17-21) ) An additional theme was deliverance from bondage as a people (36:28-30)

Account focuses on Paul's calling to testify of Christ. Paul a "chosen vessel to declare Christ's name to the Gentiles, to kings, and the children of Israel. (9:15) Turning them from darkness to light. (26:18)

 

  

 

 

     Some Similarities of Alma and Paul After the Vision

 

1. After their conversion both Alma and Paul traveled about preaching the word of God.

2. Both Alma and Paul labored with their own hands for their support: "I have labored with mine own hands" / "And labour, working with our own hands" (Alma 30:32 / 1 Corinthians 4:12

3. Both Alma and Paul performed a similar miracle: "Zeezrom leaped upon his feet, and began to walk" / "And he leaped and walked" (Alma 16:11 / Acts 14:10)

4. Both Alma and Paul were put in prison

5. In both cases they prayed to the Lord

6. In both cases there was a great earthquake.

7. In both cases the prisoners bands were loosed: "and they were loosed from their bands" / "and every one's bands were loosed" (Alma 14:28 / Acts 16:26)

 

     Mosiah 27:24 / John 3:8

born of the Spirit / born of the Spirit

     Mosiah 27:29 / Acts 8:23

the gall of bitterness and bonds of iniquity / the gall of bitterness, and in the bond of iniquity

     Mosiah 27:31 / Philippians 2:10,11

Yea, every knee shall bow, and every tongue confess before him. / That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord

     Mosiah 29:16-24 / 1 Samuel 8:7-18

Similar warning concerning kingship

     Mosiah 29:23 / Acts 13:10

an unrighteous king doth pervert the ways of all righteousness . thou child of the devil, thou enemy of all righteousness, wilt thou not cease to pervert the right ways of the Lord?

     Alma 1:25 / 1 Corinthians 15:58

steadfast and immovable / stedfast, unmoveable

     Alma 1:30 / Galatians 3:28

they were liberal to all, both old and young, both bond and free, both male and female, whether out of the church or in the church / There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus.

     Alma 1:30 / Matthew 25:44

they did not send away any who were naked, or that were hungry, or that were athirst, or that were sick, or that had not been nourished / Then shall they also answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto thee?

     Alma 3:3 / Esdras 13:52

"are in the depths of the sea" / "are in the deep of the sea" note* there is no strong parallel to this in the Bible

     Alma 4:12 / Matthew 25:35,36,37

turning their backs upon the needy and the naked and those who were hungry, and those who were athirst, and those who were sick and afflicted / For I was an hungered, and ye gave me meat; I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink; I was a stranger and ye took me in: naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me

     Alma 4:19 / 2 Peter 1:13

to stir them up in remembrance of their duty / to stir you up by putting you in remembrance

     Alma 5:21 / Ecclesiastes 9:8

there can be no man be saved except his garments are washed white / Let thy garments be always white

     Alma 5:22-23 / Isaiah 59:3,12

Similar idea or phrasing

     Alma 5:24 / Matthew 8:11

sit down in the kingdom of God, with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob / sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven

     Alma 5:26 / Revelation 15:3

sing redeeming love / and they sing the song . . . of the Lamb, saying Great and Marvelous are they works

     Alma 5:27 / Revelation 7:14

That your garments have been cleansed and made white through the blood of Christ / These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb

     Alma 5:34 / Revelation 22:17

ye shall eat and drink of the bread and the waters of life freely / let him take the water of life freely

     Alma 5:38 / John 10:14,27

the good shepherd doth call you; yea, and in his own name he doth call you, which is the name of Christ; and if ye will not hearken unto the voice of the good shepherd, to the name by which ye are called, behold, ye are not the sheep of the good shepherd / I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine. . . . My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me

     Alma 5:49 / Galatians 3:28

this is the order after which I am called, yea, to preach unto my beloved brethren, yea, and every one . . . both bond and free / There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free . . . for ye are all one in Christ Jesus

     Alma 5:50 / Matthew 3:2,3

Repent, all ye ends of the earth, for the kingdom of heaven is soon at hand / Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand

     Alma 5:51 / 1 Corinthians 6:9-10 (see also 1 Cor. 15:50; Gal. 5:21)

except ye repent ye can in nowise inherit the kingdom of heaven / the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God

     Alma 5:52 / Matthew 3:10

the Spirit saith: Behold, the ax is laid at the root of the tree; therefore every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit shall be hewn down and cast into the fire / And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the tree; therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire

     Alma 5:52 / Luke 3:9

the Spirit saith: Behold, the ax is laid at the root of the tree; therefore every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit shall be hewn down and cast into the fire / And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the tree; every tree therefore which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire

     Alma 5:53 / Hebrews 10:29

can ye lay aside these things, and trample the Holy One under your feet / who hath trodden under foot the Son of God

     Alma 5:57 / 2 Corinthians 6:17

come ye out from the wicked, and be ye separate, and touch not their unclean things / Wherefore come out from among them and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you.

     Alma 5:57 / Revelation 3:5

their names shall be blotted out, that the names of the wicked shall not be numbered among the names of the righteous / He that overcometh . . . I will not blot out his name out of the book of life

     Alma 5:58 / Revelation 22:19

the book of life / the book of life

     Alma 5:59 / Acts 20:29      (see Ezekiel 22:27; Luke 10:3)

For what shepherd is there among you having many sheep doth not watch over them, that the wolves enter not and devour his flock? / after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock.

     Alma 7:9 / Matthew 3:2,3

Cry unto this people saying---Repent ye and prepare the way of the Lord, and walk in his paths, which are straight; for behold, the kingdom of heaven is at hand, and the Son of God cometh upon the face of the earth / And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight

     Alma 7:10 / Luke 1:35

who shall be overshadowed and conceive by the power of the Holy Ghost, and bring forth a son, yea, even the Son of God / The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.

     Alma 7:11 / Mark 9:12

And he shall go forth, suffering pains and afflictions . . . of every kind; and this that the word might be fulfilled which saith he will take upon him the pains and the sicknesses of his people (see Mosiah 14:3-5) / and how is it written of the Son of man , that he must suffer many things, and be set at naught.

     Alma 7:11 / Exodus 23:25

And he shall go forth, . . . that the word might be fulfilled which saith he will take upon him the pains and the sicknesses of his people (see Mosiah 14:3-5) / And ye shall serve the Lord your god . . . and I will take sickness away from the midst of thee.

     Alma 7:14 / 1 John 1:9

and to cleanse from all unrighteousness / and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness

     Alma 7:14 / John 3:3

if ye are not born again ye cannot inherit the kingdom of heaven / Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God

     Alma 7:19 / Isaiah 40:3-5

I perceive ye are in the paths which leads to the kingdom of God; yea, I perceive that ye are making his paths straight / Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make straight in the desert a highway for our God

     Alma 7:20 / James 1:17

neither doth he vary from that which he hath said; neither hath he a shadow of turning / with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning

     Alma 7:21 / Ephesians 5:5

neither can filthiness or anything which is unclean be received into the kingdom of God / For this ye know, that no Whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God

     Alma 7:24 / 1 Corinthians 13:13

And see that ye have faith, hope, and charity, and then ye will always abound in good works / And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity

     Alma 7:25 / Matthew 8:11,12

that ye may at last be brought to sit down with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob / and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob,

     Alma 9:25 / Matthew 3:2,3

Repent ye, for the kingdom of heaven is night at hand / And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.

     Alma 9:30 / Matthew 3:8

ye ought to bring forth works which are meet for repentance / Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance

     Alma 10:2 / Daniel 5:5-17

Similar Story: Writing on the Wall

     Alma 10:17 / Matthew 17:17

O ye wicked and perverse generation / O faithless and perverse generation,

     Alma 10:20 / Matthew 3:2

Repent ye . . . for the kingdom of heaven is at hand / Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand

     Alma 11:37 / Ephesians 5:5

he hath said that no unclean thing can inherit the kingdom of heaven / For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God

     Alma 11:39 / Revelation 22:13

he is the beginning and the end, the first and the last / I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last

     Alma 11:44 / Galatians 3:28

this restoration shall come to all, both old and young, both bond and free / There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free . . . for ye are all one in Christ Jesus

     Alma 12:6 / 2 Thessalonians 1:9

everlasting destruction / everlasting destruction

     Alma 12:7 / Revelation 19:10

the spirit of prophecy / the spirit of prophecy

     Alma 12:14 / Revelation 6:16

and we would fain be glad if we could command the rocks and the mountains to fall upon us to hide us from his presence / And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne

     Alma 12:17 / 2 Thessalonians 1:9

everlasting destruction / everlasting destruction

     Alma 12:27 / Hebrews 9:27

but it was appointed unto men that they must die; and after death, they must come to judgment / And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment

     Alma 12:34,35 / Psalms 95:7,8,11

And whosoever will harden his heart and will do iniquity, behold, I swear in my wrath that he shall not enter into my rest / To day if ye will hear his voice, Harden not your heart . . . Unto whom I sware in my wrath that they should not enter into my rest

     Alma 13: / Hebrews 5:

Similar Theme: "Melchizedek" / "Melchisedec"

     Alma 13:3 / 2 Timothy 1:9

called with a holy calling / called us with an holy calling

     Alma 13:9 / Hebrews 5:6

Thus they become high priests forever, after the order of the Son, the Only Begotten of the Father / Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec

     Alma 13:13 / Matthew 3:8

bring forth fruit meet for repentance / Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance

     Alma 13:15 / Genesis 14:18-20

And it was this same Melchizedek to whom Abraham paid tithes; yea, even our father Abraham paid tithes of one-tenth part of all he possessed / And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God. And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God . . . and he [Abraham] gave him tithes of all

     Alma 13:22 / Luke 2:10

that they may have glad tidings of great joy / I bring you good tidings of great joy

     Alma 13:28 / Galatians 5:22,23

thus be led by the Holy Spirit, becoming humble, meek, submissive, patient, full of love and all longsuffering; Having faith on the Lord / But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law

     Alma 13:28 / 1 Corinthians 10:13

watch and pray continually, that ye may not be tempted above that which ye can bear / God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able

     Alma 14:3 / Matthew 1:19

they sought to put them away privily / was minded to put her away privily

     Alma 14:7 / 2 Esdras 13:48

"are they that are" / "are they that are" note* the phrase is not found in the Bible

     Alma 14:22-28 / Acts 16:23-40

Similar Story ??: Alma & Amulek delivered from prison / Paul & Silas delivered from prison

     Alma 14:27 / Matthew 27:51

rent in twain / rent in twain

     Alma 15:5-10 / Matthew 9:2-7

 (Similar Story?--same principles involved but the wording is almost completely dissimilar)

     Alma 17:36 / 1 Samuel 17:50

Similar Story?: Ammon killed sheep rustlers with a sling. David killed Goliath with a sling.

     Alma 18:13 / John 20:16

Rabbanah, which is . . . powerful or great king / Rabboni; which is to say, Master

     Alma 18:32 / Hebrews 4:12

he knows all the thoughts and intents of the heart / For the word of God . . . is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart

     Alma 18:40--19:36 / John 11:1-46

The story of Christ raising Lazarus from the dead (John 11:1-46) and Ammon raising Lamoni from apparent death (Alma 18:40--19:36) have a few similarities but many more differences. The similarities are that in one story a man dies while in the other a man seems to die. In both cases a woman is the principal character who cares and mourns for the man. In both stories a period of time elapses before help is sent for and arrives in the form of a man of God (Jesus Christ & Ammon). In both cases the person is said to be "dead" and that he "stinketh."

     Alma 19:4-5 / John 11:39

And she said unto him . . . and some say that he is not dead, but other say that he is dead and that he stinketh, and that he ought to be placed in the sepulchre; but as for myself, to me he doth not stink. / the sister of him that was dead, saith unto him, Lord, by this time he stinketh: for he hath been dead four days.

 

     Note* While the word "stink" is used 3 times in the Book of Mormon, this is the only time the word "stinketh" is used. The word "stinketh" is only used one other time in the Bible.

 

H.      Both Ammon and Jesus use the word "sleepeth" with regard to the apparent dead man.

     Alma 19:8 / John 11:11

he said unto the queen: He is not dead, but he sleepeth in God / Our friend Lazarus sleepeth; but I go, that I may awake him out of sleep.

 

     Note* This word is only used twice in the Book of Mormon and only appears seven times in the Bible.

 

Ammon uses the phrase "he shall rise again" which phrase is also used in the story of Lazarus.

     Alma 19:8 / John 11:23

 he sleepeth in God, and on the morrow he shall rise again / Jesus saith unto her, Thy brother shall rise again.

  

     Note* In both cases the man arose.

 

     Alma 19:10 / Luke 7:9

I say unto thee, woman, there has not been such great faith among all the people of the Nephites / I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel

     Alma 22:14 / 1 Corinthians 15:53-55

he breaketh the bands of death, that the grave shall have no victory, and that the sting of death should be swallowed up in the hopes of glory /

     Alma 26:5 / Joel 3:13

Behold, the field was ripe, and blessed are ye, for ye did thrust in the sickle, and did reap / Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe

     Alma 26:5 / Revelation 14:16 (15-18)

Behold, the field was ripe, and blessed are ye, for ye did thrust in the sickle, and did reap / Thrust in thy sickle, and reap . . . for the harvest of the earth is ripe

     Alma 26:7 / John 6:40

he will raise them up at the last day / I will raise him up at the last day

     Alma 26:13 / Revelation 15:3

sing redeeming love / and they sing the song . . . of the Lamb, saying Great and Marvelous are they works

 

     Alma 26:21 / 1 Corinthians 2:14

what natural man is there that knoweth these things? / But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them

     Alma 29:17 / Revelations 3:12

they may go no more out / he shall go no more out

     Alma 30:8 / Joshua 24:15

For thus saith the scripture: Choose ye this day whom ye will serve / choose you this day whom ye will serve

     Alma 30:53 / 2 Corinthians 11:14

the devil . . . appeared unto me in the form of an angel / Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light

     Alma 31:17 / Hebrews 13:8

the same yesterday, today, and forever / the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever

     Alma 31:37 / Matthew 6:25

they did separate themselves one from another, taking no thought for themselves what they should eat, or what they should drink, or what they should put on / Take no thought for you life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on.

     Alma 32:4 / Matthew 5:3

poor in heart / poor in spirit

     Alma 32:15 / Matthew 24:13

he that . . . endureth to the end, the same shall be blessed / he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved

     Alma 32:21 / Hebrews 11:1

faith is not to have a perfect knowledge of things; therefore if ye have faith ye hope for things which are not seen, which are true / faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen

     Alma 32:38 / Matthew 13:6

and when the heat of the sun cometh and scorcheth it, because it hath no root it withers away / And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away

     Alma 33:8 / Matthew 6:5

Thou are merciful unto thy children when they cry unto thee, to be heard of thee and not of men, and thou wilt hear them / And when thou prayest, thou shalt not be as the hypocrites are: for they love to pray . . . that they may be seen of men

     Alma 33:19 / Numbers 21:5-9

he was spoken of by Moses, yea, and behold a type was raised up in the wilderness, that whosoever would look upon it might live. / And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and . . . when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived.

     Alma 33:19 / John 3:14-15

he was spoken of by Moses, yea, and behold a type was raised up in the wilderness, that whosoever would look upon it might live. / And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up: That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.

     Alma 33:23 / John 4:14

will become a tree, springing up in you unto everlasting life / shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life

     Alma 34:13 / Matthew 5:18

then shall the law of Moses be fulfilled; yea, it shall be all fulfilled, every jot and tittle / one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.

     Alma 34:29 / Matthew 5:13

cast out . . . and is trodden under foot of men . . . cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men

     Alma 34:33 / John 9:4

for after this day of life, which is given us to prepare for eternity, behold, if we do not improve our time while in this life, then cometh the night of darkness wherein there can be no labor performed / I must work the words of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work

     Alma 34:36 / John 2:21 & 1 Corinthians 6:19

the Lord hath said he dwelleth not in unholy temples, but in the hearts of the righteous doth he dwell / But he spake of the temple of his body & What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you

     Alma 34:36 / Matthew 8:11 & Luke 13:29

the righteous shall sit down in his kingdom, to go no more out / many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven & And they shall come from the east, and from the west, and from the north, and from the south, and shall sit down in the kingdom of God

     Alma 34:36 / Revelation 3:5 & 7:14

their garments should be made white through the blood of the Lamb / Thou has a few names . . . which have not defiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy. & These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.      Alma 34:37 / Philemon 2:12

work out your salvation with fear / work out your own salvation with fear

     Alma 34:38 / John 4:24

worship God, . . . in spirit and in truth / worship him . . . in spirit and in truth

     Alma 36:1-30 / Acts 9:3-8; 22:6-11; 26:13-18

Similar Story: The conversion of Alma and the conversion of Paul

     Alma 36:10 / Jonah 1:17

it was for the space of three days and three nights / And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights

     Alma 36:10 / Matthew 12:40

it was for the space of three days and three nights / For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly

     Alma 36:16 / Jonah 1:17

For three days and for three nights was I racked, even with the pains of a damned soul / And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights

     Alma 36:16 / Matthew 12:40

For three days and for three nights was I racked, even with the pains of a damned soul / For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly

     Alma 36:18 / Luke 18:38

O Jesus thou Son of God, have mercy on me / Jesus, thou Son of David, have mercy on me

     Alma 37:34 / Matthew 11:29

but to be meek and lowly in heart; for such shall find rest to their souls / for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls

     Alma 38:2 / Matthew 10:22

for blessed is he that endureth to the end / but he that endureth to the end shall be saved

     Alma 38:9 / Acts 4:12

no other way or means whereby man can be saved, only in and through Christ / none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved

     Alma 38:10 / 1 Corinthians 9:25

I would that ye would be diligent and temperate in all things / And every man that striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things.

     Alma 38:14 / Luke 18:11

God, I thank thee that we are better than our brethren / God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men

     Alma 40:2 / 1 Corinthians 15:53-55

Behold I say unto you, that there is no resurrection---or, I would say, in other words, that this mortal does not put on immortality, this corruption does not put on incorruption--until after the coming of Christ. /

     Alma 40:2 / 1 Corinthians 15:42

this corruption does not put on incorruption--until the coming of Christ / It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption

     Alma 40:13 / Matthew 8:11,12

and these shall be cast out into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and wailing, and gnashing of teeth / But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth

     Alma 40:14 / Hebrews 10:27

a state of awful, fearful looking for the fiery indignation of the wrath of God upon them / But a certain fearful looking for a judgment and fiery indignation

     Alma 40:25 / Matthew 13:43

And then shall the righteous shine forth in the kingdom of God / Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father

     Alma 40:26 / Ephesians 5:5

for they are unclean, and no unclean thing can inherit the kingdom of God / For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God

     Alma 40:26 / Psalms 75:8

but they are cast out . . . and they drink the dregs of a bitter cup / For in the hand of the Lord there is a cup, and the wine is red; it is full of mixture; and he poureth out of the same: but the dregs thereof, all the wicked of the earth shall wring them out, and drink them.

     Alma 41:11 / Acts 8:23

are in the gall of bitterness and in the bonds of iniquity / art in the gall of bitterness and in the bond of iniquity

     Alma 42:6 / Hebrews 9:27

it was appointed unto man to die / it is appointed unto men once to die

     Alma 42:13 / Job 8:3

Now the work of justice could not be destroyed; if so, God would cease to be God. / Doth God pervert judgment? or doth the Almighty pervert justice?

     Alma 42:17 / Romans 5:13

How could he sin if there was no law? / but sin is not imputed when there is no law

     Alma 42:27 / Revelation 22:17

whosoever will come may come and partake of the waters of life freely / whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely

     Alma 45 / ???

Note* In Alma we find: "the scriptures saith the Lord took Moses unto himself; and we suppose that he has also received Alma in the spirit, unto himself." This is not found in the Bible.

     Alma 57:21 / Matthew 9:29

according to their faith it was done unto them / According to your faith be it unto you

     Alma 60:23 / Matthew 23:26

the inward vessel shall be cleansed first, and then shall the outer vessel be cleansed also / cleanse first that which is within the cup and platter, that the outside of them may be clean also

     Helaman 3:30 / Matthew 8:11,12

to sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and with Jacob, and with all our holy fathers, to go no more out /

     Helaman 5:12 / Matthew 7:24-27

it is upon the rock of our Redeemer, who is Christ, the Son of God, that ye must build your foundation / a wise man which built his house upon a rock

     Helaman 5:32 / Matthew 3:2,3

Repent ye, repent ye, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand / Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand

     Helaman 5:47 / Revelation 13:8

from the foundation of the world / from the foundation of the world

     Helaman 8:14 / John 3:14

did he not bear record that the Son of God should come? And as he lifted up the brazen serpent in the wilderness, even so shall he be lifted up who should come / And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up

     Helaman 8:25 / Matthew 6:20

laying up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where nothing doth corrupt / lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt

     Helaman 8:25 / Ephesians 5:5

heaven . . . where nothing can come which is unclean / For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God

     Helaman 9:21 / Acts 7:51

ye fools, ye uncircumcised of heart, ye blind, and ye stiffnecked people / Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears

     Helaman 9:21 / Mark 9:19

how long the Lord your God will suffer you / how long shall I suffer you

     Helaman 10:5 / Luke 1:38

be done unto thee according to thy word / be it unto me according to thy word

     Helaman 10:7 / Matthew 18:18

I give unto you power, that whatsoever ye shall seal on earth shall be sealed in heaven; and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosesd in heaven / Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven

     Helaman 10:9 / Matthew 17:20

ye shall say unto this mountain / ye shall say unto this mountain

     Helaman 12:16 / Isaiah 44:27      (See also Jeremiah 50:38; 52:32,36)

And behold, also, if he say unto the waters of the great deep--Be thou dried up--it is done / That saith to the deep, Be dry, and I will dry up thy rivers

     Helaman 13:25 / Matthew 23:30

If our days had been in the days of our fathers of old, we would not have slain the prophets; we would not have stoned them, and cast them out / If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets

     Helaman 13:29 / John 3:19

darkness rather than light / darkness rather than light

     Helaman 14:22 / Matthew 27:51

rent in twain / rent in twain

     Helaman 14:25 / Matthew 27:52-53

And many graves shall be opened, and shall yield up many of their dead; and many saints shall appear unto many / And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many

     Helaman 15:2 / Matthew 24:19

and wo unto them which are with child / And woe unto them that are with child

     Helaman 16:10 / Ephesians 5:15

walking more circumspectly before God / See that ye walk circumspectly

     3 Nephi 1:14 / John 1:11

I come unto my own / He came unto his own

     3 Nephi 2:2 / Hebrews 6:1; 2 John 1:9

he did lead them away to believe that the doctrine of Christ was a foolish and a vain thing / Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection & Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God.

     3 Nephi 5:24, 26 / Isaiah 11:12

"gathered from the four quarters of the earth" see also 3 Nephi 16:5; Ether 13:11; 1 Nephi 19:16; 1 Nephi 22:25

     3 Nephi 7:8 / 2 Peter 2:22

the dog to his vomit, or the sow to her wallowing mire / The dog is turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing mire

     3 Nephi 7:16 / Mark 3:5

being grieved for the hardness of their hearts / being grieved for the hardness of their hearts

     3 Nephi 8:20 / Exodus 10:21

there was thick darkness upon all the face of the land, insomuch that the inhabitants thereof who had not fallen could feel the vapor of darkness / Moses, Stretch out thine hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even darkness which may be felt

     3 Nephi 9:13 / John 12:40

be converted, that I may heal you / be converted, and I should heal them

     3 Nephi 9:15 / John 1:3

I created the heavens and the earth, and all things that in them are / All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made

     3 Nephi 9:15 / John 14:11,13

I am in the Father, and the Father in me; and in me hath the Father glorified his name / Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father in me . . . And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son

     3 Nephi 9:16-17 / John 1:11-12

I came unto my own, and my own received me not . . . as many as have received me, to them have I given to become the sons of God; even so will I to as many as shall believe on my name / He came unto his own, and his own received him not. . . . as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name

     3 Nephi 9:18 / John 8:12

I am the light and the life of the world. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end / Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world

     3 Nephi 9:20 / Matthew 3:11

whoso cometh unto me with a broken heart and a contrite spirit, him will I baptize with fire and with the Holy Ghost / he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire

     3 Nephi 9:22 / Luke 18:16

whoso repenteth and cometh unto me as a little child, him will I receive, for of such is the kingdom of God / Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God

     3 Nephi 10:5 / Matthew 23:37

how oft would I have gathered you as a hen gathereth her chickens, and ye would not / how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not

     3 Nephi 11:11 / John 8:12

I am the light and the life of the world / I am the light of the world

     3 Nephi 11:13 / John 20:27

Similar Story: Multitude feels wounds in Book of Mormon--In the Bible, Thomas felt wounds

     3 Nephi 11:27 / 1 John 5:7

verily I say unto you, that the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost are one; and I am in the Father, and the Father in me, and the Father and I are one / For there are three that bear record in heaven, the FAther, the Word, and the Holly Ghost; and these three are one

     3 Nephi 11:27 / John 14:11

and I am in the Father, and the Father in me, / Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father in me: or else believe me for the very works sake

     3 Nephi 11:32 / John 5:37

and I bear record of the Father, and the Father beareth record of me, and the Holy Ghost beareth record of the Father and me; / And the Father himself, which hath sent me, hath borne witness of me.

     3 Nephi 11:33,34 / Mark 16:15-18

And whoso believveth in me, and is baptized, the same shall be saved . . . And whoso believeth not in me, and is not baptized, shall be damned / He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned

     3 Nephi 11:39 / Matthew 16:16,18

this is my doctrine, and whoso buildeth upon this buildeth upon my rock, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against them / and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it

     3 NEPHI 12:3-48 / MATTHEW 5:3-48

SIMILAR FLOW 46 Total Verses

     3 NEPHI 13:1-34 / MATTHEW 6:1-34

SIMILAR FLOW 34 Total Verses

     3 NEPHI 14:1-27 / MATTHEW 7:1-27

SIMILAR FLOW 27 Total Verses

     3 Nephi 15:17 / John 10:16

That other sheep I have which are not of this fold; them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd / And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shelpherd

     3 NEPHI 16:18-20 / ISAIAH 52:8-10

SIMILAR FLOW 4 Total Verses

     3 Nephi 18:15 / Matthew 26:41

ye must watch and pray always, lest ye be tempted by the devil, and ye be led away captive by him / Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation

     3 Nephi 18:18 / Matthew 26:41

ye must watch and pray always lest ye enter into temptation; for Satan desireth to have you, that he may sift you as wheat / Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation

     3 Nephi 18:29 / 1 Corinthians 11:29

for whoso eateth and drinketh my flesh and blood unworthily eateth and drinketh damnation to his soul / For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself

     3 Nephi 19:4 / Matthew 10:8

Similar Story: Raising dead

     3 Nephi 19:29 / John 17:9, 10

Father, I pray not for the world, but for those whom thou hast given me out of the world, because of their faith, that they may be purified in me, that I amy be in them as thou, Father art in me, that we may be one, that I may be glorified in them / I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which thou hast given me; for they are thine. And all mine are thine, and thine are mine; and I am glorified in them

     3 NEPHI 20:16-17 / MICAH 5:8-9

Prophecy applied to "ye, who are a remnant of the house of Jacob"

     3 Nephi 20:23 / Acts 3:22, 23

Behold, I am he of whom Moses spake, saying: A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me;l him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you. And it shall come to pass that every soul who will not hear that prophet shall be cut off from among the people / For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you. And it shall come to pass, that every soul, which will not hear that prophet, shall be destroyed from among the people.

     3 Nephi 20:25, 27 / Genesis 12:3

then fulfilleth the Father the covenant which he made with Abraham, saying: In thy seed shall all the kindreds of the earth be blessed / I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; . . . and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed

     3 Nephi 20:32-35 / Isaiah 52:8-10

4 Total Verses: Paraphrase

     3 NEPHI 20:36-46 / ISAIAH 52:1-3, 6-7, 11-15

11 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     3 Nephi 21:8 / Isaiah 52:15

Paraphrase

     3 Nephi 21:9 / Habakkuk 1:5

For in that day, for my sake shall the Father work a work which shall be a great and a marvelous work among them; and there shall be among them those who will not believe it, although a man shall declare it to them / Behold ye among the heathen, and regard, and wonder marvelously: for I will work a work in your days, which ye will not believe, though it be told you

     3 NEPHI 21:12-18, 21 / MICAH 5:8-15

8 Total Verses

     3 Nephi 21:29 / Isaiah 52:12

and they shall not go out in haste, nor go by flight, for I will go before them, saith the Father, and I will be their rearward / For ye shall not go out with haste, nor go by flight: for the Lord will go before you; and the God of Israel will be your rearward.

     3 NEPHI 22 / ISAIAH 54

17 Total Verses      [See "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon" by John Tvedtnes for verse comparisons of the Isaiah chapters]

     3 NEPHI 25:1-6 / MALACHI 4:1-6

Similar Flow: 6 Total Verses

     3 Nephi 25:23 / Daniel 6:16-22

Similar Story: The 3 Nephites were "cast into a den of wild beasts"

     3 Nephi 26:3 / Revelation 21:1, 2

and the heavens and the earth should pass away / for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away

     3 Nephi 26:18 / 2 Corinthians 12:4

and heard unspeakable things, which are not lawful to be written / and heard unspeakable words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter

     3 Nephi 27:6 / Matthew 24:13

whoso . . . endureth to the end, the same shall be saved at the last day / But he that endure unto the end, the same shall be saved

     3 Nephi 27:14 / John 12:32

after that I had been lifted up upon the cross, that I might draw all men unto me / And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me

     3 Nephi 27:16 / Matthew 24:13

if he endureth to the end, behold, him will I hold guiltless / But he that endure unto the end, the same shall be saved

     3 Nephi 27:19 / Ephesians 5:5

And no unclean thing can enter into his kingdom / For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God

     3 Nephi 27:33 / John 9:4

until the night cometh, wherein no man can work / the night cometh, when no man can work

     3 Nephi 28:8 / 1 Corinthians 15:51-52

ye shall be changed in the twinkling of an eye / we shall all be changed, In a moment in the twinkling of an eye

     3 Nephi 28:13-14 / 1 Corinthians 12:2, 4

caught up into heaven, and saw and heard unspeakable things. And it was forbidden them that they should utter / caught up to the third heaven . . . and heard unspeakable words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter

     3 Nephi 28:19 / Matthew 27:51

rent in twain / rent in twain

     3 Nephi 28:21-22 / Daniel 3 and 6

Similar story: Three Nephites saved from furnace and den of beasts. Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego are cast into the fiery furnace. Daniel is cast into the den of lions

     4 Nephi 1:3 / Galatians 3:28

there were not rich and poor, bond and free, but they were all made free, and partakers of the heavenly gift / There is neither Jew nor greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus

     4 Nephi 1:30 / Matthew 27:51

rent in twain / rent in twain

     4 Nephi 1:31 / 2 Maccabees (Introduction)

the Jews at Jerusalem / the Jews at Jerusalem

     Mormon 3:15 / Deuteronomy 32:35

Vengeance is mine, and I will repay; and because this people repented not after I had delivered them / To me belongeth vengeance, and recompense (Note* see also Mormon 8:20/Romans 12:19)

     Mormon 3:20 / 2 Corinthians 5:10

ye must all stand before the judgment seat of Christ, yea, every soul who belongs to the whole human family of Adam; and ye must stand to be judged of your works, whether they be good or evil / For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things don in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.

     Mormon 5:14 / Matthew 16:16, 18

Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God / Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God

     Mormon 5:24 / Micah 5:8

repent ye, and humble yourselves before him, lest he shall come out in justice against you--lest a remnant of the seed of Jacob shall go forth among you as a lion, and tear you in pieces, and there is none to deliver / And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the Gentiles in the midst of many people as a lion among the beasts of the forest, as a young lion among the flocks of sheep: who, if he go through, both treadeth down, and teareth in pieces, and none can deliver.

     Mormon 6:21 / 2 Corinthians 5:10

ye must stand before the judgment seat of Christ to be judged according to your works / For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things don in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.

     Mormon 7:7 / 1 John 5:7

unto the Father, and unto the Son, and unto the Holy Ghost, which are one God / For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost, and these three are one.

     Mormon 7:10 / Matthew 3:11

if it so be that ye believe in Christ, and are baptized first with water, then with fire and with the Holy Ghost, following the example of our Savior, according to that which he hath commanded us / I indeed baptize you with water . . . he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire

     Mormon 8:20 / Romans 12:19

for judgment is mine, saith the Lord, and vengeance is mine also, and I will repay / for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord. (Note* see also Mormon 3:15/Deuteronomy 32:35)

     Mormon 8:29-31 / Isaiah 66:15-16

Similar idea or phrasing

     Mormon 8:31 / Acts 8:23

they are in the gall of bitterness and in the bonds of iniquity / thou art in the gall of bitterness, and in the bond of iniquity

     Mormon 9:2 / 2 Peter 3:10

the elements shall melt with fervent heat / the elements shall melt with fervent heat

     Mormon 9:9 / James 1:17

in him there is no variableness neither shadow of changing / with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning

     Mormon 9:14 / Revelation 22:11

and then cometh the time that he that is filthy shall be filthy still; and he that is righteous shall be righteous still; he that is happy shall be happy still; and he that is unhappy shall be unhappy still / He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still.

     Mormon 9:22-24 / Mark 16:15-17

Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature; And he that believeth and is baptized shall be saved, but he that believeth not shall be damned; And these signs shall follow them that believe--in my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues; they shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands on the sick and they shall recover / And he said unto them, God ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature. He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned. And these signs shall follow therm that believe; In my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues; They shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover

     Mormon 9:27 / Philemon 2:12

work out your own salvation with fear and trembling / work out your own salvation with fear and trembling

     Mormon 9:28 / 1 Thessalonians 1:9

ye will serve the true and living God / to serve the living and true God

     Mormon 9:28 / James 4:3

ask not, that ye may consume it on your lusts / Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may consume it upon your lusts

     Mormon 9:29 / Matthew 24:13

and if ye do this, and endure to the end, ye will in nowise be cast out / But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved

     Ether 2:5 / 2 Esdras 13:41

where never man dwelt / where never mankind dwelt

     Ether 2:16 / Genesis 6:14

Lord instructs Noah to build the Ark. Lord instructs Jaredites to build barges.

     Ether 4:16 / 2 Esdras 15:2

"caused to be written" / "cause them to be written"

     Ether 4:19 / Matthew 25:34

he shall be lifted up to dwell in the kingdom prepared for him from the foundation of the world / inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world

     Ether 6:23 / 1 Samuel 8:7-18

Similar warning concerning kingship

     Ether 8:8-12 / Matthew 14:6-11

Similar Story: The daughter of Jared dances before Akish & pleases him--asks for the head of the king / daughter of Herodias dances before Herod & pleases him--asks for the head of John the Baptist

     Ether 8:10-12 / Matthew 14:6-11

The daughter of Jared danced before him and she pleased him / the daughter of Herodias danced before them, and pleased Herod

     Ether 8:25 / 2 Corinthians 11:3

the devil . . . that same liar who beguiled our first parents / the serpent beguiled Eve

     Ether 12:4 / 1 Corinthians 15:58

always abounding in good works / always abounding in the work

     Ether 12:4 / Hebrews 6:19

an anchor to the souls of men, which would make them sue and steadfast / an anchor of the soul, both sure and stedfast

     Ether 12:6 / 1 Peter 1:7

the trial of your faith / the trial of your faith

     Ether 12:6 / Hebrews 11:1

faith is things which are hoped for and not seen / faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen

     Ether 12:8 / Hebrews 3:1

partakers of the heavenly gift / partakers of the heavenly calling

     Ether 12:11 / Hebrews 11:24

by faith was the law of Moses / By faith, Moses

     Ether 12:17 / Hebrews 11:5-39

And it was by faith that the three disciples obtained a promise that they should not taste of death / By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death . . . By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid three months of his parents . . . By faith . . . By faith . . . By faith . . . By faith . . . And these all, having obtained a good report through faith, received not the promise: God having provided some better thing for us, that they without us should not be made perfect.

     Ether 12:26 / 2 Corinthians 12:9

my grace is sufficient for the meek / My grace is sufficient for thee

     Ether 12:27 / 2 Corinthians 12:10

I make weak things become strong / for when I am weak, then am I strong

     Ether 12:30 / Matthew 17:20

the brother of Jared said unto the mountain Zerin, Remove--and it was removed. And if he had not had faith it would not have moved / If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye shall say unto this mountain, Remove hence to yonder place; and it shall remove

     Ether 12:32 / John 14:2

And I also remember that thou hast said that thou hast prepared a house for man, yea, even among the mansions of thy Father, in which man might have a more excellent hope / In my Father's house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you

     Ether 12:34 / John 14:2

that place which thou hast prepared in the mansions of thy Father / In my Father's house are many mansions . . . I go to prepare a place for you

     Ether 12:37 / John 14:2

in the place which I have prepared in the mansions of my Father / In my Father's house are many mansions . . . I go to prepare a place for you

     Ether 13:2 / Esdras 14:22

all things, from the beginning of man / all that hath been done in the world since the beginning

     Ether 13:3 / Revelation 3:12

the New Jerusalem, which should come down out of heaven / new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven

     Ether 13:9 / 2 Corinthians 5:17

old have passed away, and all things have become new / old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new

     Ether 13:10 / Revelation 7:14

they whose garments are white through the blood of the Lamb / have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb

     Ether 13:12 / Matthew 19:30

And when these things come, bringeth to pass the scripture which saith, there are they who were first, who shall be last; and there are they who were last, who shall be first / But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first

     Moroni 6:4 / Hebrews 12:1,2

Christ, who was the author and the finisher of their faith / Jesus the author and finisher of our faith

     Moroni 7:1 / 1 Corinthians 13:13

faith, hope, and charity / faith, hope, charity

     Moroni 7:5-6 / Matthew 7:16-20

by their works ye shall know them; for if their works be good, then they are good also. For behold, God hath said a man being evil cannot do that which is good / Ye shall know them by their fruits. . . . every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit . . . Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them.

     Moroni 7:7 / Romans 4:3

it is not counted unto him for righteousness / it was counted unto him for righteousness

     Moroni 7:17 / Romans 3:12

he persuadeth no man to do good, no, not one / there is none that doeth good, no, not one

     Moroni 7:26 / John 16:23

And as surely as Christ liveth he spake these words unto our fathers, saying: whatsoever thing ye shall ask the Father in my name, which is good, in faith believing that ye shall receive, behold, it shall be done unto you / Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, he will give it you

     Moroni 7:27 / Hebrews 10:12

sat down on the right hand of God / sat down on the right hand of God

     Moroni 7:43-44 / Matthew 11:29

save he shall be meek, and lowly of heart . . . if a man be meek and lowly in heart / I am meek and lowly in heart

     Moroni 7:44 / 1 Corinthians 13:2

if he have not charity he is nothing / and have not charity, I am nothing

     Moroni 7:45 / 1 Corinthians 13:4-7

And charity suffereth long, and is kind, and envieth not, and is not puffed up / Charity suffereth long, and is kind: charity envieth no; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up

     Moroni 7:46 / 1 Corinthians 13:2

if ye have not charity, ye are nothing / and have not charity, I am nothing

     Moroni 7:46 / 1 Corinthians 13:8

for charity never faileth / Charity never faileth

     Moroni 7:46 / 1 Corinthians 13:8

things must fail / they shall fail

     Moroni 7:48 / 1 John 3:1-3

that ye may become the sons of God; that when he shall appear we shall be like him, for we shall see him as he is; that we may have this hope; that we may be purified even as he is pure / now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him, for we shall see him as he is. And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure.

     Moroni 7:48 / 1 John 3:3

that we may have this hope; that we may be purified even as he is pure / that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure

     Moroni 8:3 / Acts 4:30

the name of his Holy Child, Jesus / the name of thy holy child Jesus

     Moroni 8:8 / Matthew 9:12

the whole need no physician, but they that are sick / They that be whole need not a physician, but they that are sick (see also Mark 2:17; Luke 5:31)

     Moroni 8:14 / Acts 8:23

in the gall of bitterness and in the bonds of iniquity / in the gall of bitterness, and in the bond of iniquity

     Moroni 8:16 / Acts 13:10

Wo unto them that shall pervert the ways of the Lord / wilt thou not cease to pervert the right ways of the Lord?

     Moroni 8:26 / John 14:26

the Holy Ghost, which Comforter / But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost

     Moroni 9:22 / Luke 13:3

I know that they must perish except they repent and return to him / except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish

     Moroni 10:8 / 1 Corinthians 12:5

there are different ways that these gifts are administered / there are differences of administrations

     Moroni 10:8 / 1 Corinthians 12:7

the manifestations of the Spirit of God unto men, to profit them / the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal

     Moroni 10:9 / 1 Corinthians 12 :8

For behold, to one is given by the Spirit of God, that he may teach the word of wisdom / For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom

     Moroni 10:11 / 1 Corinthians 12:9

to another, the gifts of healing by the same Spirit / to another the gifts of healing by

     Moroni 10:12-16 / 1 Corinthians 12:10

And again, to another, that he may work mighty miracles; And again, to another , that eh may prophesy concerning all things; And again, to another, the beholding of angels and ministering spirits; And again, to another, all kinds of tongues; And again, to another, the interpretation of languages and of divers kinds of tongues / To another the working of miracles: to another prophecy; to another divers kinds of tongues; t another the interpretation of tongues

     Moroni 10:18 / James 1:17

every good gift cometh of Christ / Every good gift . . . cometh down from the Father

     Moroni 10:20 / 1 Corinthians 13:13

if there must be faith there must also be hope; and if there must be hope there must also be charity. And except ye have charity ye can in nowise be saved in the kingdom of God / And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity

     Moroni 10:31 / Isaiah 52:1 + 54:2

And awake, and arise from the dust, O Jerusalem; yea, and put on thy beautiful garments, O daughter of Zion / Awake, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion; put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city

     Moroni 10:32 / 2 Corinthians 12:9

then is his grace sufficient for you / My grace is sufficient for thee

 

 

Sources:

View of the Hebrews

Fawn M. Brodie, No Man Knows My History: The Life of Joseph Smith the Mormon Prophet. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1946.

John Tvedtnes, "The Isaiah Variants in the Book of Mormon." Provo: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1981.

S. Kent Brown "Exodus Patterns." Provo: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies,

The Trial

H. Michael Marquardt. The Use of the Bible in the Book of Mormon. Reprinted from The Journal of Pastoral Practice. Vol. II, No. 2, pp. 95-136 (1978). Institute of Pastoral Studies of The Christian Counseling and Educational Foundation, 1978.

Jerald and Sandra Tanner, "Joseph Smith's Use of the Apocrypha," Salt Lake City Messenger, #89, December 1995, http://www.utlm.org/newletters/no89.htm.

 

Brant Gardner, Book of Mormon Commentary. http://www.

 

Alice Bronson, "Names in the Bible and The Book of Mormon" in The Witness, The Book of Mormon Foundation, Number 104, June 2002, p. 5.

  

Dan Carlson, The Ins and Outs of Mormonism. Chino Valley, Arizona: Dan Carlson Publishing, 1999.

 

Robert J. Matthews, "What the Book of Mormon Tells Us About the Bible," in Bruce A. Van Orden and Brent L. Top eds. Doctrines of the Book of Mormon: The 1991 Sperry Symposium. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1992.

 

Jerald and Sandra Tanner, Joseph Smith's Plagiarism of the Bible

 

Updates:

 

 

 

 

Alan C. Miner

330 E. 400 S. Ste #4

Springville, UT 84663

801-489-4540

July 7, 2001

 

     NAMES OF PEOPLE, PLACES & THINGS IN THE BOOK OF MORMON

     SOME OF WHICH ALSO APPEAR IN THE BIBLE

     (First Mention)

 

     Note* Names of people and places are in all caps. Things are in italicized all caps. Names of people active in biblical history but only referred to in the Book of Mormon are not in all caps. Descriptive names of places are in Italics and also not in all caps. Additionally, bolded #'s of occurrence for the Book of Mormon or the Bible include added numbers for books, chapters & verse headings which are included in the listing style for Infobase.

  

Name            B of M verse      (# of Occurences)      Bible verse      # of Occurences      Notes

 

1 Nephi

NEPHI            (1 Nephi 1:2)      2607            (2 Maccabees 1:36)      1      Apocrypha (Nephish = 1 Chronicles 5:19)

JEWS            (1 Nephi 1:2)      60            (2 Kings 16:16)      280

EGYPTIANS      (1 Nephi 1:2)      8            (Genesis 12:12)      95

ZEDEKIAH      (1 Nephi 1:4)      8            (1 Kings 22:11)      60

JUDAH            (1 Nephi 1:4)      19            (Deuteronomy 34:2)      779

LEHI            (1 Nephi 1:4)      114            (Judges 15:9)      3

JERUSALEM      (1 Nephi 1:4)      149            (Joshua 10:1)      843                  

RED SEA      (1 Nephi 2:5)      11            (Exodus 10:19)      31

SARIAH            (1 Nephi 2:5)      5                              (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

LAMAN            (1 Nephi 2:5)      50                              (see "Patterns")

LEMUEL            (1 Nephi 2:5)      30            (Proverbs 31:1)      2

SAM            (1 Nephi 2:5)      11                        0      ("Samuel" = 1 Samuel 1 )

Land of Promise      (1 Nephi 2:20)      26            (Numbers 14:34)      4

LABAN            (1 Nephi 3:3)      40            (Genesis 24:29)      51

Moses            (1 Nephi 4:2)      63            (Exodus 2:10)      853

Waters of      (1 Nephi 4:2)      18            (Exodus 7:19)      207

Pharaoh            (1 Nephi 4:2)      2            (Genesis 12:15)      229

ZORAM            (1 Nephi 4:35)      10                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

Egypt            (1 Nephi 5:4)      18            (Genesis 12:10)      600

Adam            (1 Nephi 5:11)      25            (Genesis 2:19)      72

Eve            (1 Nephi 5:11)      3            (Genesis 3:20)      12

JEREMIAH      (1 Nephi 5:13)      4            (Jeremiah 1)      1483

JOSEPH      (1 Nephi 5:14)      37            (Genesis 30:24)      244

Abraham      (1 Nephi 6:4)      27            (Genesis 17:5)      310

Isaac            (1 Nephi 6:4)      13            (Genesis 17:19)      144

JACOB            (1 Nephi 6:4)      286            (Genesis 25:26)      377

ISHMAEL      (1 Nephi 7:2)      35            (Genesis 16:11)      48

Bethabara      (1 Nephi 10:9)      1            (John 1:28)      1

Jordan            (1 Nephi 10:9)      4            (Genesis 50:10)      196

Many Waters      (1 Nephi 13:10)      17            (Numbers 24:7)      15

Land of inheritance      (1 Nephi 13:30)      42       (implied = Numbers 18:20)      33

John            (1 Nephi 14:27)      4            (Matthew 3:1)      1414

Isaiah            (1 Nephi 15:20)      22            (2 Kings 19:2)      1531

[***see people & places named by Isaiah]

SHAZER            (1 Nephi 16:13)      2                        0      (see "Variations")

NAHOM            (1 Nephi 16:34)      1                        0      (Nahum = Nahum 1:1) (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

BOUNTIFUL      (1 Nephi 17:5)      32                        0

IRREANTUM      (1 Nephi 17:5)      1                        0

PROMISED LAND      (1 Nephi 18:23)      21       (implied = Exodus 12:25)      9

ZENOCK      (1 Nephi 19:10)      5                        0      (see "Patterns")

NEUM            (1 Nephi 19:10)      1                        0      (see "Variations")

ZENOS            (1 Nephi 19:10)      12                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

Second Book of Nephi

LAMANITES      (2 Nephi 5:14)      586                        0

Solomon      (2 Nephi 5:16)      5            (2 Samuel 5:14)      398

Book of Jacob

SECOND NEPHI      (Jacob 1:11)      1                        0      (manner of naming not found)

THIRD NEPHI      (Jacob 1:11)      1                        0      (manner of naming not found)

NEPHITES      (Jacob 1:13)      311                        0

JACOBITES      (Jacob 1:13)      4                        0      (see "Variations")

JOSEPHITES      (Jacob 1:13)      4                        0      (Name exists, but "ite" form no)

ZORAMITES      (Jacob 1:13)      32                        0      (see "Variations")

LEMUELITES      (Jacob 1:13)      5                        0      (Name exists, but "ite" form no)

ISHMAELITES      (Jacob 1:13)      5            (Psalms 83:6)      2

SHEREM            (Jacob 7:1)      2                        0

ENOS            (Jacob 7:27)      31            (Genesis 4:26)      12

Book of Enos

Book of Jarom

JAROM            (Jarom 1:1)      4                        0      (see "Variations")

OMNI            (Jarom 1:15)      3                        0

Book of Omni

AMARON      (Omni 1:3)            2                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

CHEMISH      (Omni 1:8)            3                        0      (Chemosh = Numbers 21:29) (see "Patterns"& "Variations")

ABINADOM      (Omni 1:10)      2                        0      (Abinadab = 1 Chronicles 2:13) (see "Patterns"& "Variations")

AMALEKI      (Omni 1:12)      6                        0      (Amalek = Genesis 36:12) (see "Patterns"& "Variations")

MOSIAH            (Omni 1:12)      844                        0      (see "Variations")

ZARAHEMLA      (Omni 1:13)      139                        0      (Zerah = Genesis 36:13) (see "Variations")

Great Waters      (Omni 1:16)      3            (Psalms 77:19)      17

CORIANTUMR      (Omni 1:21)      61                        0

The land northward (Omni 1:22)            36                        0

BENJAMIN      (Omni 1:23)      30            (Genesis 35:18)      163

Words of Mormon

MORMON      (W of M 1:1)      277                        0

MORONI      (W of M 1:1)      357                        0

Mosiah

HELORUM      (Mosiah 1:2)      1                        0      (see "Variations")

HELAMAN      (Mosiah 1:2)      560                        0      (Helam = 2 Samuel 10:16) (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

Mary            (Mosiah 3:8)      2            (Matthew 1:16)      67      ("Miriam" = 13 . . . 1st =Exodus 15:20)

LEHI-NEPHI      (Mosiah 7:1)      7                        0

AMMON            (Mosiah 7:3)      154            (Genesis 19:38)      88

SHILOM            (Mosiah 7:5)      14                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

HELEM            (Mosiah 7:6)      1            (1 Chronicles 7:35)      2

HEM            (Mosiah 7:6)      2                        0      (see "Patterns")

LIMHI            (Mosiah 7:9)      51                        0

NOAH            (Mosiah 7:9)      42            (Genesis 5:29)      98

ZENIFF            (Mosiah 7:9)      8                        0      (see "Variations")

A land among many waters 8:8)            3                        0

A land covered with bones 8:8)            2                        0

NEAS            (Mosiah 9:9)      1                        0

SHEUM            (Mosiah 9:9)      1                        0

SHEMLON      (Mosiah 10:7)      6                        0      (Shem = Genesis 10:1) (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

ZIFF            (Mosiah 11:3)      2                        0      

ABINADI      (Mosiah 11:20)      32                        0      (Abinadab = 1 Chronicles 2:13) (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

Mount Sinai      (Mosiah 12:13)      2            (Exodus 19:11)      23

ALMA            (Mosiah 17:2)      2114                        0      (see "Variations")

HELAM            (Mosiah 18:12)      14            (2 Samuel 10:16)      2

Forest of            (Mosiah 18:30)      1            (1 Samuel 22:5)      36

GIDEON      (Mosiah 19:4)      29            (Judges 6:11)      37

AMULON            (Mosiah 23:31)      18                        0      (see "Variations")

MULEK            (Mosiah 25:2)      16                        0      (see "Variations")

All quarters of the land       27:6)      1                        0      (see Acts 9:32)

AARON            (Mosiah 27:34)      47            (Exodus 4:14)      322

OMNER            (Mosiah 27:34)      8                        0      (JST = Genesis 7:11)

HIMNI            (Mosiah 27:34)      6                        0      (see "Variations")

Book of Alma

NEHOR            (Alma 1:15)      10                        0      (Nahor = Genesis 11:13) (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

MANTI            (Alma 1:15)      21                        0

AMLICI            (Alma 2:1)            13                        0      (see "Variations")

AMLICITES      (Alma 2:11)      21                        0      (see "Variations")

AMNIHU            (Alma 2:15)      1                        0      (see "Variations")

SIDON            (Alma 2:15)      28            (Genesis 10:19)      23      (see "Variations")

GIDEON            (Alma 2:20)      29            (Judges 6:11)      37

The camp      (Alma 2:22)      23            (Exodus 14:19)      129

ZERAM            (Alma 2:22)      1                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

AMNOR            (Alma 2:22)      3                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

MANTI            (Alma 2:22)      21                        0

LIMHER            (Alma 2:22)      1                        0

MINON            (Alma 2:24)      1                        0      (see "Variations")

HERMOUNTS      (Alma 2:37)      1                        0      (see "Variations")

NEPHIHAH      (Alma 4:20)      20                        0

MELEK            (Alma 8:3)            6                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

AMMONIHAH      (Alma 8:6)            25                        0      (see "Variations")

AMULEK      (Alma 8:21)      62                        0      (see "Variations")

GIDDONAH      (Alma 10:2)      2                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

AMINADI            (Alma 10:2)      2                        0      (Aminadab = Matthew 1:2) (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

ZEEZROM      (Alma 10:31)      27                        0      (see "Variations")

SENINE            (Alma 11:3)      6                        0

SEON            (Alma 11:5)      3                        0

SHUM            (Alma 11:5)      2                        2      (see JST Gen. 7:5, 8)

LIMNAH            (Alma 11:5)      2                        0

SENUM            (Alma 11:6)      4                        0      

AMNOR            (Alma 11:6)      3                        0

EZROM            (Alma 11:6)      2                        0

ONTI            (Alma 11:6)      2                        0

SHIBLON            (Alma 11:15)      3                        0

LEAH            (Alma 11:17)      1            (Genesis 29:16      33

SHIBLUM            (Alma 11:17)      2                        0

ANTION            (Alma 11:19)      1                        0

ANTIONAH      (Alma 12:20)      1                        0      (see "Patterns")

Cherubim      (Alma 12:21)      3                        0      (JST = Genesis 3:31) ("cherub" = 21)

Melchizedek      (Alma 13:14)      4            (Genesis 14:18)      9

SIDOM 15:1

The borders      (Alma 16:3)      64            (Genesis 23:17)      43

AHA            (Alma 16:5)      1                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

south wilderness      (Alma 16:6)      7                        0

DESOLATION of NEHORS 16:11)      1                        0      (see Jeremiah 25:11)

LAMONI            (Alma 17:21)      39                        0

water of            (Alma 17:26)      1            (Genesis 24:17)      26

SEBUS            (Alma 17:34)      5                        0      (see "Variations")

ABISH            (Alma 19:16)      1                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

MULOKI            (Alma 20:2)      2                        0      (see "Variations")

AMMAH            (Alma 20:2)      2            (2 Samuel 2:24)      1

MIDDONI      (Alma 20:2)      15                        0

ANTIOMNO      (Alma 20:4)      1                        0

AMALEKITES      (Alma 21:2)      15            (Genesis 14:7)      25

AMULONITES      (Alma 21:4)      6                        0      (see "Variations")

ANI-ANTI 21:11

A narrow strip of wilderness 22:27)      1                        0

"sea east":      (Alma 22:27)      3                        0      (see Joshua 12:3)

"sea west"            (Alma 22:27)      3                        0

DESOLATION      (Alma 22:29)      17            (Joshua 8:28)      55

Small neck of land      (Alma 22:32)      1                        0

Land southward      (Alma 22:32)      16                        0

"west sea"      (Alma 22:33)      9                        0

SHIMNILOM      (Alma 23:12)      1                        0      (see "Patterns")

ANTI-NEPHI-LEHIES      (Alma 23:17)      1                        0

ANTI-NEPHI-LEHI       (Alma 24:3)      11                        0

MIDIAN            (Alma 24:5)      2            (Exodus 2:15)      41

"east wilderness      (Alma 25:5)      7                        0      (see Joshua 16:1)

JERSHON            (Alma 27:22)      20                        0      (see "Variations")

KORIHOR      (Alma 30:12)      12                        0      (see "Variations")

ANTIONUM      (Alma 31:3)      5                        0

SHIBLON            (Alma 31:6)      12                        0      (Shibmah = Numbers 32:38)

CORIANTON      (Alma 31:6)      3                        0

ONIDAH            (Alma 32:4)      2                        0

GAZELEM      (Alma 37:23)      1                        0      (Gazer = 2 Samuel 5:25) (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

LIAHONA            (Alma 37:38)      1                        0      

SIRON            (Alma 39:3)      1                        0      (Sirion = Deuteronomy 3:9)

ISABEL            (Alma 39:3)      1                        0      (see "Jezebel = 1 Kings 16:31 = 21)

ZERAHEMNAH      (Alma 43:5)      13                        0      (Zerah = Genesis 36:13) (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

That quarter of the land 43:26)      6                        0

RIPLAH            (Alma 43:31)      2                        0

AMALICKIAH      (Alma 46:3)      54                        0      (Amalek = Genesis 36:12) (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

CHRISTIANS      (Alma 46:13)      4                        1

AMALICKIAHITES      (Alma 46:28)      4                        0      (Amalek = Genesis 36:12) (see "Variations")

ANTIPAS            (Alma 47:7)      3            (Revelation 2:13)      1

LEHONTI      (Alma 47:10)      7                        0

"east sea"      (Alma 50:13)      3            (Ezekiel 47:18)      2

MORIANTON      (Alma 50:15)      19                        0      (see "Patterns")

The narrow pass      (Alma 50:34)      3                        0

TEANCUM      (Alma 50:35)      32                        0

PAHORAN      (Alma 50:40)      32                        0

KING-MEN      (Alma 51:5)      31                        0

FREEMEN      (Alma 51:5)      6                        0

AMMORON      (Alma 52:23)      20                        0      (see "Variations")

ANTIPUS      (Alma 56:9)      16                        0      (see "Variations")

JUDEA            (Alma 56:9)      5            (Ezra 5:8)      21

CUMENI            (Alma 56:14)      7                        0

ANTIPARAH      (Alma 56:14)      8                        0

GID            (Alma 57:28)      15                        0      (see "Patterns")

TEOMNER      (Alma 58:16)      4                        0

PACHUS            (Alma 62:6)      4                        0

MORONIHAh      (Alma 62:43)      18                        0

HAGOTH      (Alma 63:5)      1                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

Helaman

PAANCHI      (Helaman 1:2)      2                        0

PACUMENI      (Helaman 1:2)      4                        0

KISHKUMEN      (Helaman 1:9)      14                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

TUBALOTH      (Helaman 1:16)      1                        0      (Tubal = Genesis 10:2) (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

The most capital parts of the land 1:27)       1                        0

GADIANTON      (Helaman 2:4)      28                        0      (Gadi = 2 Kings 15:14) (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

"Sea south"      (Helaman 3:8)      1                        0

"Sea north"      (Helaman 3:8)      1                        0

CEZORAM      (Helaman 5:1)      3                        0

AMINADAB      (Helaman 5:39      2            (Matthew 1:4)      4

The "land south"      (Helaman 6:10)      3      (Num. 13:29; Josh. 15:19)      2

The "land north"      (Helaman 6:10)      3            (Jeremiah 3:18)      2

Cain            (Helaman 6:27)      2            (Genesis 4:1)      42

Abel            (Helaman 6:27)      1            (Genesis 4:2)      23

Israelites            (Helaman 8:11)      1            (Exodus 9:7)      21

Ezias            (Helaman 8:20)      1            (1 Esdras 8:2)      1      (Apocrypha; see "Variations")

SEEZORAM      (Helaman 9:23)      3                        0      (see "Variations")

SEANTUM      (Helaman 9:26)      1                        0

Secret hiding places      11:25)            1            (Job 20:26)      10

SAMUEL      (Helaman 13:2)      17            (1 Samuel 1)      1624

Third Nephi

LACHONEUS      (3 Nephi 1:1)      14                        0

GIDDIANHI      (3 Nephi 3:10)      12                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

GIDGIDDONI      (3 Nephi 3:18)      9                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

The place which had been appointed to gather: 3:22) 1                  0      (see 1 Samuel 21:2)

The land between      (3 Nephi 3:23)      1

ZEMNARIHAH      (3 Nephi 4:17)      4                        0

MORONIHAH      (3 Nephi 8:10)      18                        0

GILGAL            (3 Nephi 9:6)      5            (Deuter. 11:30)      39

ONIDAH            (3 Nephi 9:7)      2                        0      (see "Variations")

MOCUM            (3 Nephi 9:7)      1                        0

GADIAND            (3 Nephi 9:8)      1                        0      (Gadi = 2 Kings 15:14) (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

GADIOMNAH      (3 Nephi 9:8)      1                        0      (Gadi = 2 Kings 15:14) (see "Variations")

GIMGIMNO      (3 Nephi 9:8)      1                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

JACOBUGATH      (3 Nephi 9:9)      1                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

JOSH            (3 Nephi 9:10)      2                        0      (Joshah = 1 Chronicles 4:34)

GAD            (3 Nephi 9:10)      1            (Genesis 30:11)      71

KISHKUMEN      (3 Nephi 9:10)      14                        0

JESUS CHRIST      (3 Nephi 11:10)      70            (Matthew 1:1)      312

TIMOTHY            (3 Nephi 19:4)      1            (2 Corinthians 1:1)      229

JONAS            (3 Nephi 19:4)      1            (Matthew 12:39)      14

MATHONI      (3 Nephi 19:4)      1                        0      (see "Patterns")

MATHONIHAH      (3 Nephi 19:4)      1                        0      (see "Patterns")

KUMEN      (3 Nephi 19:4)      1                        0

KUMENONHI      (3 Nephi 19:4)      1                        0

SHEMNON      (3 Nephi 19:4)      1                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

Malachi            (3 Nephi 24:1)      1            (Malachi 1:1)      60

LEVI            (3 Nephi 24:3)      5            (Genesis 29:34)      75

Elijah            (3 Nephi 25:5)      1            (1 Kings 17:1)      65

Fourth Nephi

AMOS            (4 Nephi 1:19)      3            (Amos 1:1)      170                  

AMMARON      (4 Nephi 1:47)      7                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")      

Mormon

ANTUM            (Mormon 1:3)      1                        0      (see "Variations")

SHIM            (Mormon 1:3)      3                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

The north countries       (Morm. 2:3)      3            (Jeremiah 23:8)      2

ANGOLA            (Mormon 2:4)      1                        0      (see "Patterns")

DAVID            (Mormon 2:5)      8            (Ruth 4:17)      1014

JOSHUA            (Mormon 2:6)      1            (Exodus 17:9)      738

JASHON            (Mormon 2:16)      2                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

SHEM            (Mormon 2:20)      3            (Genesis 5:32)      29

The narrow passage       (Morm. 2:29)      1                        0

BOAZ            (Mormon 4:20)      1            (Ruth 2:1)      22

JORDAN            (Mormon 5:3)      4            (Genesis 13:10)      196      (see "Patterns")

CUMORAH      (Mormon 6:2)      6                        0

GIDGIDDONAH      (Mormon 6:14)      1                        0      (see "Variations")

LAMAH            (Mormon 6:14)      1                        0

GILGAL            (Mormon 6:14)      5            (Deuter. 11:30)      39

LIMHAH            (Mormon 6:14)      1                        0

JENEUM            (Mormon 6:14)      1                        0

CUMENIHAH      (Mormon 6:14)      1                        0

ANTIONUM      (Mormon 6:14)      5                        0      (see "Patterns")

SHIBLOM      (Mormon 6:14)      5                        0      (see "Variations")

SHEM            (Mormon 6:14)      3            (Genesis 5:32)      29

JOSH            (Mormon 6:14)      2                        0      (Joshua = Exodus 17:9)

The south countries      (Morm. 6:15)      1                        0

Book of Ether Note*** This list disregards the genealogy listed in Ether 1:6-32 because it is not complete.

JAREDITES      (Ether heading)      2                        0

This north country      (Ether 1:1)      1            (Jeremiah 23:8)      8

The great tower      (Ether 1:33)      4            (Nehemiah 3:27)      8      (see Genesis 11:4, 5)

JARED            (Ether 1:33)      66            (Genesis 5:15)

Nimrod            (Ether 2:1)      3            (Genesis 10:8)      5

that quarter where there never had man been: 2:5) 1                  0

Many waters      (Ether 2:6)            12            (Psalms 29:3)      14

That great sea which divideth the lands: 2:13) 1                        0

MORIANCUMER      (Ether 2:13)      1                        0      

SHELEM            (Ether 3:1)            1                        0

JACOM            (Ether 6:14)      1                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

GILGAH            (Ether 6:14)      1                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

MAHAH -      (Ether 6:14)      1                        0      (Mahali = Exodus 6:19) (see "Variations")

ORIHAH            (Ether 6:14)      5                        0      (see "Variations")

PAGAG            (Ether 6:25)      2                        0      (see "Variations")

KIB            (Ether 7:3)            5                        0      (Kibzaim = Joshua 21:22)

CORIHOR1      (Ether 7:3)            10                        0

MORON            (Ether 7:5)            11                        0

EPHRAIM            (Ether 7:9)      9                        166

SHULE            (Ether 7:10)      19                        0      (see "Patterns")

COHOR            (Ether 7:15)      5                        0      (see "Variations")

OMER            (Ether 8:1)      12      (money = Exodus 16:16)      5      

HETH            Ether 8:2)            9            (Genesis 10:15)      20

ESROM            (Ether 8:4)            1            (Matthew 1:3)      4

KIMNOR            (Ether 8:10)      1                        0      (see "Patterns")

AKISH            (Ether 8:11)      17                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

ABLOM            (Ether 9:3)            1                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

NIMRAH            (Ether 9:8)      2            (Numbers 32:3)      2

EMER            (Ether 9:14)      6                        0      (see "Patterns")

CUMOMS            (Ether 9:19)      1                        0      

CURELOMS      (Ether 9:19)      1                        0      

CORIANTUM      (Ether 9:21)      9                        0

COM            (Ether 9:25)      12                        0      (see "Patterns")

SHEZ            (Ether 10:1)      6                        0      (see "Patterns")

RIPLAKISH      (Ether 10:4)      6                        0      (see "Patterns")

KIM            (Ether 10:13)      3                              (see "Patterns")

COROM      (Ether 10:16)      4                        0

KISH            (Ether 10:17)      4            (1 Samuel 9:1)      17

LIB            (Ether 10:18)      13                        0      (Libni = Exodus 6:17)

the place where the sea divides the land: 10:20) 1                  0

HEARTHOM      (Ether 10:29)      4                        0      (see "Variations")

AMNIGADDAH      (Ether 10:31)      3                        0      (see "Patterns")

AMGID            (Ether 10:32)      1                        0      (see "Patterns")

SETH            (Ether 11:9)      3            (Genesis 4:25)      14

AHAH            (Ether 11:10)      4                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

ETHEM            (Ether 11:11)      5                        0      (Etham = Exodus 13:20) (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

MORON            (Ether 11:14)      11                        0

CORIANTOR      (Ether 11:18)      6                        0

ETHER            (Ether 11:23)      451            (Joshua 15:42)      2

ZERIN            (Ether 12:30)      1                        0      (see "Variations")

New Jerusalem      (Ether 13:3)      8            (Revelation 3:12)      6

SHARED            (Ether 13:23)      11                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

HESHLON      (Ether 13:28)      1                        0      (Heshmon = Joshua 15:27) (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

AKISH            (Ether 14:3)      17                        0

GILEAD            (Ether 14:8)      1            (Genesis 31:21)      93

AGOSH            (Ether 14:15)      2                        0      (see "Patterns")

SHIZ            (Ether 14:17)      23                        0      (Shiza = 1 Chronicles 11:42) (see "Patterns")

CORIHOR      (Ether 14:27)      10                        0

SHURR            (Ether 14:28)      1                        0      (Shur = Genesis 16:8) (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

COMNOR            (Ether 14:28)      1                        0

RIPLIANCUM      (Ether 15:8)      1                        0

OGATH            (Ether 15:10)      1                        0      (see "Patterns")

RAMAH            (Ether 15:11)      1            (Joshua 18:25)      36

Moroni

ARCHEANTUS      (Moroni 9:2)      1                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

LURAM            (Moroni 9:2)      1                        0

EMRON            (Moroni 9:2)      1                        0      (see "Variations")

AMORON            (Moroni 9:7)      1                        0      (see "Variations")

SHERRIZAH      (Moroni 9:7)      3                        0      (see "Patterns")

MORIANTUM      (Moroni 9:9)      1                        0

ZENEPHI      (Moroni 9:16)      1                        0      (see "Patterns" & "Variations")

 

***People named by Isaiah

Israel (1 Nephi 20:1) (Isaiah 48:1)

Chaldeans (1 Nephi 20:14) (Isaiah 48:14)

House of Israel (2 Nephi 6:5)

Gentiles (2 Nephi 6:6) (Isaiah 49:22)

Sarah (2 Nephi 8:2) (Isaiah 51:2)

Rahab (2 Nephi 8:9) (Isaiah 51:9)

Amoz (2 Nephi 12:1) (Isaiah 2:1)

Philistines (2 Nephi 12:6) (Isaiah 2:6)

Uzziah (2 Nephi 16:1) (Isaiah 6:1)

Ahaz (2 Nephi 17:1) Isaiah 7:1)

Jotham (2 Nephi 17:1) Isaiah 7:1)

Rezin (2 Nephi 17:1) (Isaiah 7:1)

Pekah (2 Nephi 17:1) Isaiah 7:1)

Remaliah (2 Nephi 17:1) (Isaiah 7:1)

David (2 Nephi 17:2) (Isaiah 7:2)

Ephraim (2 Nephi 17:2) (Isaiah 7:2)

Shearjashub (2 Nephi 17:3) (Isaiah 7:3)

Tabeal (2 Nephi 17:6) (Isaiah 7:6)

Maher-shalal-hash-baz (2 Nephi 18:1) (Isaiah 8:1)

Uriah (2 Nephi 18:2) (Isaiah 8:2)

Zechariah (2 Nephi 18:2) (Isaiah 8:2)

Jaberechiah (2 Nephi 18:2) (Isaiah 8:2)

Prophetess (2 Nephi 18:3) (Isaiah 8:3)

Syrians (2 Nephi 19:12) (Isaiah 9:12)

Manasseh (2 Nephi 19:21) (Isaiah 9:21)

Judah (2 Nephi 19:21) (Isaiah 9:21)

Jesse (2 Nephi 21:1) Isaiah 11:1)

Medes (2 Nephi 23:17) (Isaiah 13:17)

 

Prophetic Places Named by Isaiah

Babylon (1 Nephi 20:40) (Isaiah 48)

Isles of the sea (1 Nephi 21:8) Isaiah 49)

The land of Sinim (1 Nephi 21:12) (Isaiah 49:12)

Eden (2 Ne 8:13) (Isaiah 51:13)

Zion (2 Ne 8:24) (Isaiah 51:24)

Lebanon (2 Ne 12:13) (Isaiah 2:13)

Bashan (2 Ne 12:13) (Isaiah 2:13)

Sodom (2 Ne 13:9) (Isaiah 3:9)

Syria (2 Ne 17:1) (Isaiah 7:1)

Damascus (2 Ne 17:8) (Isaiah 7:8)

Samaria (2 Ne 17:9)      (Isaiah 7:9)

Assyria (2 Ne 17:17)      (Isaiah 7:17

Siloah (2 Ne 18:6) (Isaiah 8:6)

Mount Zion (2 Ne 18:18) (Isaiah 8:18)

The land of Zebulun (2 Ne 19:1) (Isaiah 9:1)

The land of Naphtali (2 Ne 19:1) Isaiah 9:1)

Galilee (2 Ne 19:1) Isaiah 9:1)

Calno (2 Ne 20:9) (Isaiah 10:9)

Carchemish (2 Ne 20:9) (Isaiah 10:9)

Hamath (2 Ne 20:9) (Isaiah 10:9)

Arpad (2 Ne 20:9) (Isaiah 10:9)

Midian1 (2 Ne 20:26) (Isaiah 10:26)

Oreb (2 Ne 20:26) (Isaiah 10:26)

 

     PATTERNS

 

     The relationship of Book of Mormon names to alterations of biblical names was first noted in the Improvement Era 13 (January 1910), p. 238. The list below is taken from a reproduction of that page, however the Book of Mormon names have been rearranged into alphabetical order and biblical verse references have been added. At the top of the page it says that readers will get a view of the prefixes and suffixes, and other modifications that have been applied or effected in the formation of these Nephite names, which have been constructed according to the principles last quoted from Green's Hebrew Grammar.

 

Bible                  Book of Mormon

Abinad-ab            Abinad-i

(1 Samuel 7:1)            Abinad-om

Abish-ag            Abish

(1 Kings 1:3)

Ab-(sa)-lom            Ab-lom

(2 Samuel 3:3)

Gosh-en*            A-gosh

Genesis 45:10)

Ah-i-ah            Ah-ah

(1 Samuel 14:3)

Ah-i                  Ah-a

(1 Chronicles 5:15)

Kish                  A-kish

(1 Samuel 9:1)            Kish-cumen

                 Ripla-kish

Amal-ek            Amal-icki-ah

(Genesis 36:12)

Aaron                  Am-aron

(Exodus 4:14)            Amm-aron

Aminad-ab            Aminod-i***

(Matthew 1:4)

Ammon            Ammon-ih-a

(Genesis 19:38)

Amnon            Amnor

(2 Samuel 3:2)

Gola-n*            An-gola

(Deuteronomy 4:43)

Onam                  Ante-onum

(Genesis 36:23)

Jon-ah                  Ant-i-on-ah

(2 Kings 14:25)

Car-chemish*            Chemish

(Isaiah 10:9)

Mil-com            Com

(1 Kings 11:5)

Emmer            Emer

Etham*            Ethem

(Exodus 13:20)

Ezra                  Ezrom

(1 Chronicles 4:17)

Gad                  Gad-iant-on

(Genesis 30:11)            Gad-iandi

                 Amni-gad-d-ah

 

 

Bible                  Book of Mormon

 

Gid-eon            Gid

(Judges 6:11)            Gid-don-ah

                 Gid-ianhi

                 Gid-gid-doni

                 Am-gid

Gil-gal*            Gil-g-ah

(Deuteronomy 11;30)

Gim-zo*            Gim-gim-no

(2 Chronicles 28:18

Hag-gai            Hag-oth

(Ezra 5:1)      

Jeho-ash            Jeho-cab

(2 Kings 11:21)

Eli-a-kim            Kim

(2 Kings 18:18)            Kim-nor

                 Gad-iomn-ah

Gaz-ara            Gaz-elem

 

Elam                  He-lam-an

(Genesis 10:22)

Hem-dan            Hem

(Genesis 36:26)

Hesh-bon*            Hesh-lon

(Numbers 21:25)

Jacob                  Jacob-u-gath

(Genesis 25:26)

Jacob                  Jacom

(Genesis 25:26)

Jashen            Jashon

Jordan*            Jordon

(Genesis 13:10)

Musol-lamon            Laman

 

Math-u-sala            Math-on-i

(Luke 3:37)            Math-on-ih-ah

Melech            Melek

(1 Chronicles 8:35)

Mori-ah*            Mori-anton

(Genesis 22:2)            Mori-antum

Nahum            Nahom

(Nahum 1:1)

Nahor                  Nehor

(Genesis 11:22)

 

 

Bible                  Book of Mormon

 

Nephi                  Nephi-h-ah

                 Ze-nephi

Nim-rod            Nimrah

(Genesis 10:8)

Gath*                  O-gath

(Joshua 11:22)

Omar                  Omer

(Genesis 36:11)

Rib-lah*            Rip-l-ah

(Numbers 34:11)

Par-ah                  Sar-i-ah

(Joshua 18:23)

Jared                  Shared

(Genesis 5:15)

Shem                  Shem-non

(Genesis 5:32)            Shem-lon

                 Shim-nil-on

Shiz-a                  Shez

(1 Chronicles 11:42)

Shillem            Shilem

(Genesis 46:24)

Shilo                  Shilo-m

(JST Gen. 50:24)

Shim-ron            Shim

(Genesis 46:13)

Shiz-a                  Shiz

(1 Chronicles 11:42)

Shulam            Shule

Sidon                  Sidom

(Genesis 10:15)

Shur*                  Shurr

(Genesis 16:7            Sher-riz-ah

 

Tubal                  Tubal-oth

(Genesis 10:2)

Zarah

Hem-dan            Zara-hem-la

 

Enoch                  Z-enock

(Genesis 4:17)

Enos                  Z-enos

(Genesis 4:26)

Zer-ah                  Zer-ah-emn-ah

(Genesis 36:13)

Zer                  Zeram

(Joshua 19:35)

Zorah                  Zoram

(Joshua 19:41)

 

 

"Patterns" Source: Improvement Era 13 (January 1910), p. 238. As reproduced in Book of Mormon Names: Dr. John R. Krueger's Computor Study & An Analysis of the Names of Mormonism by John R. Krueger, 1979. (Note* These articles constitute Appendix C--p. 189 of Wesley P. Walters book, The Use of the Old Testament in the Book of Mormon, 1990. Printed by Utah Lighthouse Ministry: Salt Lake City, Utah.

 

 

     VARIANTS OF BIBLICAL NAMES

 

     According to John Krueger, the following are names in the Bible from which variant names in the Book of Mormon might have been derived. Readers should be warned that although Mr. Krueger has a doctorate in languages, his specialty is in Mongolian and Turkic languages. He gives no reasoning as to why each individual variant name was selected, however the context of his work is anti-Mormon. Nevertheless, the names do come from the Bible, which represents Middle Eastern origins. So until further research by Brigham Young University professor Paul Hoskisson comes forth on the Middle Eastern origins of Book of Mormon names, this list will be a starting point of study, either to the intent of discrediting aspects of this list or to the intent of building upon them.

 

Book of Mormon      Bible

 

Abinadi            Abinadab

 

Abinadom            Abinadab

 

Abish                  Abishai

 

Ablom                  Absalom

 

Aha                  Aharah

 

Ahah                  Aharah

 

Akish                  Achish

 

Alma                  Almon

 

Amaleki            Amalekite

 

Amalekiah            Amalekite

 

Amlici                  Amalekite

 

Amlicites            Amalekite

 

Amaleckiahites            Amalekite

 

Amaron            Amariah/Ammon

 

Ammaron            Amariah/Ammon

 

Ammoron            Amariah/Ammon

 

Amoron            Amariah/Ammon

 

Aminadi            Aminadab

 

Ammonihahites            Ammonites

 

Ammonihah            Ammonites

 

Amnor                  Amnon

 

Amnihu            Amnon

 

Amulek            Amalek

 

Book of Mormon      Bible

 

Amulon            Amalek

 

Amulonites            Amalek

 

Antipus            Antipas

 

Antum                  Antipas

 

Archeantus            Archelaus

     

Cameniah            Camon

 

Cezoram            Zorah

 

Chemish            Chemosh

 

Cohor                  Kohath

 

Emor                  Emmor

 

Emron                  Emmor

 

Ethem                  Etham

 

Ezias                  Esaias

 

Ezrom                  Ezra/Esrom

 

Gadiandi            Gaddiel

 

Gadianton            Gaddiel

 

Gadiomnah            Gaddiel

 

Gazelem            Gazzam

 

Giddianhi            Gideoni

 

Gidgiddoni            Gideoni

 

Giddonah            Gideoni

 

Gidgiddonah            Gideoni

 

Gilgah                  Gilgal

 

Book of Mormon      Bible

 

Gimgimno            Gimzo

 

Hagoth            Hagar

 

Hearthom            Harum

 

Helam                  Helem

 

Helaman            Helem

 

Helorulm            Helem

 

Hermounts            Hermon

 

Heshlon            Heshbon

 

Himni                  Himnon

 

Jacobites            Jacob

 

Jacobugath            Jacob

 

Jacom                  Jakim

 

Jashon            Jashen

 

Jarom                  Jared

 

Jershon            Gershon

 

Jothan                  Jotham

 

Kishcumen            Kish

 

Korihor            Korahite

 

Mahah            Mahath

 

Melek                  Melech

 

Mosiah            Messiah

 

Minon                  Minni

     

Mulek                  Molech

 

Muloki                  Molech

 

Nahom            Nahum

 

Nehor                  Nahor

 

Nehor                  Naum

 

Neum                  Naum

 

Book of Mormon      Bible

 

Orihah                  Orion

 

Onihqah            Orion

 

Onidah            Orion

 

Pagagg            Pagiel

 

Rabbanah            Rabboni

 

Sariah                  Seraiah

 

Sebus                  Seba

 

Seezorem            Zorah

 

Shared            Sharon

 

Shazer            Belshazzar

 

Shemnon            Shimron

 

Shemlon            Shimron

 

Sharem            Sharon

 

Shilom                  Shiloah

 

Shiblom            Shiloah            

 

Shiblon            Shiloah

 

Shim                  Shem

 

Shum                  Shem

 

Sheum            Shem

 

Shurr                  Shur

 

Sidom                  Sidon

 

Siron                  Sirion

 

Tubaloth            Tubal-cain

 

Zarahemla            Zara

 

Zeezrom            Ezra/Esrom

 

Zenos                  Zenas

 

Zenephi            Nephi

 

Zeniff                  Nephi

 

Book of Mormon      Bible

 

Zerahemnah            Zara

 

Zeram                  Zeri

 

Zerim                  Zeri

 

Ziff                  Zif

 

Zoram                  Zorah

 

Zoramites            Zorah

 

 

"Variants" Source: John R. Krueger, Book of Mormon Names: Dr. John R. Krueger's Computor Study & An Analysis of the Names of Mormonism, 1979. (Note* These charts constitute Appendix C--pp. 178-210 of Wesley P. Walters book, The Use of the Old Testament in the Book of Mormon, 1990. Printed by Utah Lighthouse Ministry: Salt Lake City, Utah.

 

 

     A PHOENEMIC ANALYSIS OF NEPHITE AND JAREDITE PROPER NAMES

     John A. Tvedtnes

 

     Note* (J) denotes probable Jaredite origin, and (J?) denotes possible Jaredite origin. (B) after a name means that this form occurs in the Bible. Generic names ending with -ite have been deleted.

 

NEPHITE NAMES

 

Aaron (B) (J)

Abinadi

Abinadom

Abish

Aha

Alma

Amalaki

Amalickiah

Amaron (J)

Aminadab (B)

Aminadi

Amlici

Ammah

Ammaron (J)

Ammon (B)

Ammonihah

Ammoron (J)

Amnihu (J?)

Amnor (J?)

Amoron (J)

Amos (B)

Amulek

Amulon

Angola

Ani-Anti

Anti-Nephi-Lehi

Antimno

Antion

Antionah

Antionum

Antipara

Antipas (B)

Antipus

Antum (J?)

Archaeantus

Benjamin (B)

Boaz (B)

Camenihah (J)

RLDS: Cumenihah

Cezoram

Chemish

Corianton (J)

Coriantumr (J)

Cumeni (J)

Cumorah (J?)

David (B)

Emron (J?)

Enos (B)

Ezias (cf. D&C 84:12-13)

Ezrom

Gad (B)

Gadiandi (J?)

Gadianton (J)

Gadiomnah (J?)

Gazelem (cf. D&C 78:9)

Gid

Giddianhi (J?)

Giddonah

Gideon (B)

Gidgiddonah

Gidgiddoni

Gilgal (B) (J?)

Gimgimno

Hagoth

Helam (B)

Helaman

Helem (B)

Helorum

Hem

Hermounts

Himni

Irreantum

Isabel

Isaiah (B)

Ishmael (B)

Jacob (B)

Jacobugath

Jarom

Jashon

Jeremiah (B)

Jershon

Jerusalem (B)

Jonas (B)

Joneam

RLDS: Jeneum

Jordan (B)

Joseph (B)

Josh

Joshua(B)

Judea (B)

Kishkumen (J)

Korihor (J)

Kumen (J)

Kumenonhi (J)

Laban (B)

Lachoneus

Lamah

RLDS: Lama

Laman

Lamoni

Leah (B)

Lehi (B)

Lehi-Nephi

Lehonti

Lemuel (B)

Liahona

Limhah

Limher

Limhi

Limnah

Luram

Manti

Mathoni

Mathonihah

Melek

Middoni

Midian (B)

Minon

Mocum (J?)

Morianton (J)

Moraintum (J)

Mormon (J?)

Moroni (J)

Moronihah

Mosiah

Mulek RLDS:

sometimes, Mulok

Muloki

Nahom

Neas

Nehor (J?)

Nephi*

Nephihah

Neum

Noah (B)

Omner

Omni

Onidah

Onihah

Onti

Paanchi

Pachus

Pacumeni (J)

Pahoran

Rabbanah

Remeunptum

Riplah (J?)

Sam

Samuel (B)

Sariah

Seantum

Sebus

Seezoram

Senine

Senum

Seon

Shazar

Shem (B)

Shemlon (J?)

Shemnon (J?)

Sherem

Sherrizah

Sheum

Shiblom (J?)

Shiblon (J)

Shiblum (J?)

Shilom

Shim (J?)

Shimnilom (J?)

Shum

Sidom

Sidon (B)

Siron

Teancum (J?)

Teomner

Timothy (B)

Tubaloth

Zarahemla

Zedekiah (B)

Zeezrom

Zemnarihah