Volume 3 - Appendix A

 

 

 

     APPENDIX A

 

     A PROPOSED CHRONOLOGY OF THE BOOK OF MORMON (YEARS FROM WHEN LEHI LEFT JERUSALEM)

 

     Jarom --- Mosiah

     

YEAR      EVENT

 

021            Nephi flees to "Nephi" with followers

021            Nephi made king (2 Nephi 5:18) (at age 37)

031            30 years had passed away (2 Nephi 5:28)

036            Nephi begins small plates (2 Nephi 5:30)

041            40 years had passed away (2 Nephi 5:34)

056            55 years had passed away (Jacob 1:1)

056            Nephi (age 72, estimated) gives the small plates to Jacob (age 52, est.) (Jacob 1:1)

056            Nephi anoints another king (Nephi II) (Jacob 1:9-11)

059            Nephi dies (Jacob 1:12) (age 80, est.)

081            Enos is born when Jacob is age 77 (est.)

094            Nephi II anoints Nephi III

101            Jacob (age 97, est.) gives the small plates to Enos (age 20, est.) (Jacob 7:26-27)

132            Nephi III anoints Nephi IV

160            Jarom is born when Enos is age 79 (est.)

170            Nephi IV anoints Nephi IV

180            179 years had passed away

180            Enos (age 99, est.) gives small plates to Jarom (age 20, est.) (Jarom 1:1)

201            200 years had passed away (Jarom 1:5)

208            Nephi V anoints Nephi VI

215            Omni is born when Jarom is age 55 (est.)

239            238 years had passed away (Jarom 1:13)

239            Jarom (age 79, est.) gives small plates to Omni (age 24, est.) (Jarom 1:13,15)

246            Nephi VI (age 68, est.) anoints Nephi VII (age 30, est.)

259            Amaron is born when Omni is age 44 (est.)

277            276 years had passed away (Omni 1:3)

279            Chemish (Amaron's brother)is born when Omni is age 64 (est.)

283            in fine, 282 years had passed away (Omni 1:3)

283            Omni (age 68, est.) gives small plates to Amaron (age 24, est.) (Omni 1:3)

284            Nephi VII anoints Nephi VIII

321            320 years had passed away (Omni 1:5)

321            Amaron (age 62, est.) gives small plates to his brother Chemish (age 47, est.)

322            Nephi VIII anoints Nephi IX

344            Abinadom is born when Chemish is age 70

360            Nephi IX anoints Nephi X

364            Chemish (age 90, est.) gives the small plates to Abinadom (age 20, est.)

368            Mosiah1 is born

398            Nephi X anoints Nephi XI (Mosiah1 corresponds to Nephi XI)

 

 

     A PROPOSED BOOK OF MORMON CHRONOLOGY

 

YEAR      EVENT

 

398      Mosiah I leads people from Nephi to Zarahemla (Omni 1:12)-takes Liahona, large plates, brass plates,

           sword of Laban (2 Ne 5:12,14) (Omni 1:11,25)

           Abinadom flees with Mosiah1 and takes the small plates

398            Mosiah1 discovers people descended from the Jews (Mulekites) (Omni 1:15)

           Peoples unite and Mosiah is appointed their king also (Omni 1:19)

398            Mosiah1 begins his reign in Zarahemla (Omni 1:19)

           Mosiah1 interprets stone (Omni 1:20)

406            Amaleki is born when Abinadom is age 62 (est.)

406            Zeniff is part of a spy mission from Zarahemla to Nephi (Mosiah 9:1)

 

407      Zeniff leads a group from Zarahemla to Nephi (Mosiah 9:3)

           Amaleki's brother goes with them (Omni 1:27)

407            Zeniff covenants with Lamanite king to let him possess Lehi-Nephi and Shilom (Mosiah 9:6)

428            Alma1 is born

 

     (Meanwhile back in Zarahemla)

408            Benjamin is born when Mosiah1 is 40 years old (est.)

426            Abinadom (age 82, est.) gives the plates to Amaleki (age 20, est.)

 

     (Meanwhile back in Nephi)

419            in the thirteenth year of my reign (Mos 9:14)

419            Zeniff's group has 13th year war (Mos 9:14)

429            we did inherit the land of our fathers for many years, yea, for the space of twenty and two years (Mos 10:3)

 

     (Meanwhile back in Zarahemla)

438            Mosiah1 dies (age 70, est.) (Omni 1:23)

438            Benjamin begins his reign at age 30 (est.) (Omni 1:23)

448            Mosiah2 is born when Benjamin is 40 years old (est.)

 

     (Meanwhile back in Nephi)

441            we did have continual peace in the land for the space of twenty and two years (Mos 10:5)

442            Zeniff confers kingdom on Noah (Mos 11:1)

           Noah reigns in wickedness (9-10 years)

           Alma is appointed a Priest of Noah

458            Abinadi comes among people of Noah & is rejected (Mos 12-17)

 

 

     A PROPOSED BOOK OF MORMON CHRONOLOGY

 

YEAR      EVENT

 

460            Abinadi returns and is tried

460            Alma escapes, hides many days, writes words of Abinadi (Mos 17:3-4) (age 34)

460            Abinadi is slain by fire (Mos 17:13)

           Alma spends many days at Waters of Mormon (Mos 18)

462            King Noah sends his army to find Alma (Mos 18:33)

           Alma flees 8 days with 450 to Helam (Mos 18:34, 23:3,19)

           King Noah's army returns and Gideon leads a revolt

462            The Lamanites invade, Noah flees (Mos 19:6)

           Limhi stays with women & children & makes peace (Mos 19:16)

           Limhi and Gideon send men to search for Noah's group (Mos 19:17-18)

           They find the remnants of Noah's group (Mos 19:18)

           They are told that Noah has been killed (Mos 19:20)

           They are told that Noah's Priests have fled (Mos 19:21)

           They return to Limhi's group (Mos 19:24)

462            Limhi begins to reign, puts his people under tribute to the Lamanites (Mos 19:26)

           Limhi did have continual peace for two years (Mos 19:29)

464            The priests of Noah carry off the daughters of the Lamanites (Mos 20:5)

           The Lamanites go to war because their daughters were taken (Mos 20:6)

           Limhi's people defend themselves, capture Lamanite king, exonerate themselves (Mos 20:8-26)

 

     (Meanwhile back in Zarahemla)

           There was a serious war in the days of Benjamin, Lamanites driven out of land (Omni 1:24)

           Lamanites came down against the Nephites in Zarahemla, were driven out of the land (W of M 1:13-14)

           False prophets had come among the Nephites (W of M 1:15-16)

           Many dissensions away unto the Lamanites (W of M 1:16)

           Holy prophets had helped king Benjamin establish peace (W of M 1:17-18)

           Amaleki plans to give his records to Benjamin (Omni 1:25)

           Amaleki refers to Zeniff's group leaving to find Nephi (Omni 1:27)

           Amaleki delivers his record to King Benjamin (W of M 1:10)

           King Benjamin puts this record with the large plates (W of M 1:10)

           Amaleki dies

 

     (At Nephi)

           After many days the Lamanites begin to oppress Limhi's people (Mos 21:2-3)

           Limhi's people attempt to free themselves three times by battle and fail (Mos 21:7-12)

           Limhi's people "prosper by degrees" (Mos 21:16)

           Limhi's people guard against Priests of Noah, which had been stealing from them at night (Mos 21:20-21)

 

     (At Zarahemla)

477            King Benjamin's Tower Speech (Mos 6:4)

477            The first year of Mosiah2's reign (age 30) (Mos 6:4)

477            about 476 years from the time that Lehi left Jerusalem (Mos 6:4)

480            Benjamin dies (Mos 6:5)

 

 

     A PROPOSED BOOK OF MORMON CHRONOLOGY

YEAR      EVENT

 

480            Mosiah2 sends Ammon1 with 15 men to find Land of Nephi, their journey takes 40 days (Mos 7:1-5)

 

     (Back at Nephi)

480            Ammon1 discovered by the gates of Lehi-Nephi (Mos 21:23)

           Ammon1 meets Limhi (Mos 7:7)

           Ammon1 learns of failed 43 man expedition to find Zarahemla (Mos 21:25-26) (Mos 8:7)

           He learns that they were lost for many days and discovered a land of bones and water (Mos 8:8)

           Supposing it to be the Land of Zarahemla they returned not many days before Ammon came (Mos 21:26)

           He learns that they found 24 gold plates (Mos 8:9)

           Ammon1 and Limhi plan to deliver people from bondage (Mos 22:1)

480            Limhi's people escape and after many days arrive in Zarahemla (Mos 22:11)

           Lamanites pursue Limhi and get lost (Mos 22:15)

 

     (At Helam)

           Lamanites find Alma1 and put his people in bondage (Mosiah 23:25)

           Alma1 learns that Lamanites were originally looking for Limhi, became lost for many days (Mos 23:30)

           He learns that Lamanites had previously found Priests of Noah (Mos 23:31)

           He learns that the Priests had joined the Lamanites (Mos 23:35)

           Alma1 shows Lamanites the way back to Nephi (Mos 23: 36-37)

           Lamanites leave guards, go back to Nephi & return with families (Mos 23:37-38)

           Amulon & his brethren appointed teachers over land of Shemlon, land of Shilom, and land of Amulon (Mos 24:2)

           Lamanites had taken possession of all these lands (Mosiah 24:2)

           Lamanites taught language, writing (trade) by Amulon (Mos 24:3-7)

           Amulon uses power to persecute Alma1 (Mos 24: 8)

481            Alma's people escape (1 day) to the Valley of Alma (Mos 24:20)

           Alma's people continue flight (12 days) to Zarahemla (Mos 24:25)

 

481      (Ammon, Limhi, and Alma1 are now at Zarahemla)

           Mosiah2 reads Zeniff's record to the people (Mos 25:5)

           Mosiah2 reads Alma's record to the people (Mos 25:6)

           All people numbered with Nephites (Mos 25:13)

483            7 Churches established by Alma1 (Mos 25:19,23)

492            Rising Generation dissent

           How to Judge Unbelievers (Forgiveness) (Mos 26:5-32)

494            Church persecuted by unbelievers (Mos 27:1)

495            Mosiah2 commands "Equality Among Men"-->(Peace) (Mos 27:2-7)

504            Persecution returns, Conversion of Alma2, Sons of Mosiah2 (Mos 27:8-31)

           Alma2, Ammon2, Aaron, Omner, Himni publish peace (Mos 27:34-37)

506            Alma2, Sons of Mosiah2, petition to go to Land of Nephi (Mos 28:1)

507            Mosiah2 translates the 24 plates of gold (Mos 28:11-17)

508            Mosiah2 confers all records & sacred things on Alma2 (Mos 28:20)

509            Mosiah2 recommends system of democracy--Judges (Mos 29:1-36)

510            Alma1 dies at age 82 (Mos 29:45-46)

510            Mosiah2 (63) dies in the 33rd year of his reign509 years from when Lehi left Jerusalem (Mos 29:46)

 

 

     Establishing a Chronology for the Story of Zeniff

 

     There is a certain section of the Book of Mormon where most all readers become confused both chronologically and geographically with the flow of the story. This section spans from the book of Omni to the end of the book of Mosiah. It tells the story of a Nephite group which returns to the land of Nephi from the land of Zarahemla. They encounter turbulent times that eventually force the group back to the land of Zarahemla. The following reasons contribute to the problems in understanding:

 

           1. The Nephite history of this time period is on two different sets of records, the small plates of Nephi and Mormon's abridgment of the large plates of Nephi.

 

           2. There is a transition commentary (Words of Mormon) which bridges Nephite history from the small plates of Nephi to the history contained on the large plates of Nephi.

 

           3. There are multiple events being recorded which are occurring at the same time but at different places.

 

           4. The events have not only been recorded by different record keepers (Amaleki, Mosiah2, Zeniff, Noah, Limhi, Alma1), but have been abridged and connected by Mormon.

 

           5. Parts of Mormon's abridgment are written in 3rd person retrospective; however, Mormon apparently includes intact parts of the story. These parts, along with the references from the small plates are told in 1st person narrative.

 

           6. There are very few definite calendar dates included in the records relating to this part of Nephite history.

 

           7. In the last 3 pages of the small plates (book of Omni), possibly 200-230 years of Nephite history are covered with almost no details.

 

     Some attempts have been made to address these problems in the past (see John Welch, "Longevity of Book of Mormon People and the "Age of Man," F.A.R.M.S., 1985, pp. 35-45; and Sidney B. Sperry, Book of Mormon Chronology, 1970). However, in order to give the reader more understanding of the story of Zeniff, the following charts have been compiled:

 

     #1. A Reading Sequence Overview of the Story of Zeniff.

 

     #2. A Chronological Listing of Events for the Story of Zeniff.

     

 

     A Reading Sequence Overview of the Story of Zeniff

 

     The main observation that the reader should make from the following outline of the reading sequence is that while the reading sequence always goes "A,B,C,D, etc., the chronological sequence doesn't follow suit by going (1), (2),(3),(4), etc. That is, the story is chronologically mixed up.

 

Key:      A.-> Z. = The reading sequence

           (1)-> (74) = The chronological sequence

           * = The events that appear more than once in the records.

           ? = The events which have an uncertain chronological location or duration.

           Bold = Those instances where dates or years have been recorded.

 

1. Book of Omni (record of Amaleki)

 

At Nephi

 

A. (1) Mosiah1 took the Large Plates of Nephi (Omni 1:11)

B. (2) Mosiah1 did flee from Nephi and came down to Zarahemla (Omni 1:12)

 

At Zarahemla

 

C. (3) Mosiah1 discovered people descended from Jews (Mulekites) (Omni 1:15)

D. (4) Peoples united and appointed Mosiah1 their king (Omni 1:19)

E. (5) Mosiah1 interpreted a stone brought to him by the people of Zarahemla which was a record of Coriantumr and

           his people. (Omni 1:20)

F. (11) Mosiah1 died and his son Benjamin reigned in his stead (Omni 1:23)

G. (*?) There was a serious war in the days of Benjamin, Lamanites driven out of land (Omni 1:24)

H. (37*) Amaleki exhorts everyone to come to Christ. (Omni 1:26)

I. (6*) A group left for Nephi, but returned because of contention. (Omni 1:27-28)

J. (7*) Others (a considerable number plus Amaleki's brother) went up into the wilderness. (Omni 1:29-30)

K. (38a*) Amaleki is about to lie down in his grave, he completes his record & shall deliver it to Benjamin (Omni 1:30,12)

         (This is the end of the small plates of Nephi)

 

2. Words of Mormon (Mormon connects the Small plates with the Abridgment of the Large plates) (A.D. 375-76)

 

A. (74) Mormon connects the history on the small plates of Nephi with his abridgment of the large plates of Nephi:

 

At Zarahemla

 

B. (38b*) Amaleki delivered his record to king Benjamin (W of M 1:10)

C. (38c*) King Benjamin put this record with the records of the kings.(Large plates of Nephi) (Omni 1:11) (W of M 1:10)

D. (*?) Lamanites came down against the Nephites in Zarahemla, were driven out of the land (W of M 1:13-14)

E. (*?) False prophets had come among the Nephites (W of M 1:15-16)

F. (*?) Many dissensions away unto the Lamanites (W of M 1:16)

G. (*?) Holy prophets had helped king Benjamin establish peace (W of M 1:17-18)

 

3. Book of Mosiah (Mormon's abridgment)

 

At Zarahemla (record of Benjamin)

 

A. (39*) No more contention, king Benjamin had continual peace all the remainder of his days (Mosiah 1:1)

 

     A Reading Sequence Overview of the Story of Zeniff (continued)

 

B. (40) King Benjamin Tower Speech (Mos 2-5)

 

At Zarahemla (record of Mosiah2)

 

A. (41) The first year of the reign of Mosiah2about 476 years from the time that Lehi left Jerusalem (Mos 6:4)

B. (42*) King Benjamin lived three years and he died (Mos 6:5)

C. (42*) There was no contention among all the people (of Mosiah2) for the space of three years (Mos 6:7)

D. (42*) Mosiah2 had had continual peace for the space of three years (Mos 7:1)

E. (43) Mosiah2 sends Ammon1 & 15 men to find Nephi from Zarahemla (Mosiah 7:1)

F. (44) 40 day journey (Mosiah 7:4)

G. (46b*) Ammon1 meets Limhi (a descendant of Zeniff) (Mosiah 7:7)

H. (47*) Ammon1 learns of failed 43 man (Limhi) expedition to Zarahemla (Mosiah 8:7)

I. (*?) a. King Limhi caused that 43 people should journey to find the land of Zarahemla (Mos 8:7)

J. (*?) b. Limhi expedition discovered a land of bones and water (Mosiah 8:8)

K. (*?) d. Limhi expedition found 24 gold plates (Mosiah 8:9)

                (This record of Mosiah now stops and it continues in Mosiah 25:1)

 

Zarahemla to Nephi (Record of Zeniff) (Zeniff tells his story)

 

A. (6*) Zeniff is part of a spy mission from Zarahemla to the land of Nephi. After bloody contention, Zeniff returns (Mosiah 9:1)

B. (7*) Zeniff leads a group to the land of Nephi (Mosiah 9:3)

 

At Nephi

 

C. (8) Zeniff covenants with Lamanite king to let him possess Lehi-Nephi and Shilom. (Mosiah 9:6)

D. (9*?) In the thirteenth year of his reign, Zeniff's group has a war, Lamanites invade Shilom (Mosiah 9:14)

E. (10*?) We did inherit the land of our fathers for many years, yea, for the space of twenty and two years (Mos 10:3)

F. (10*?) We did have continual peace in the land for the space of twenty and two years (Mos 10:5)

G. (12*) Zeniff confers kingdom on Noah (Mosiah 10:22)

 

(Mormon starts abridging the Record of Zeniff)

 

At Nephi

 

H. (12*) Zeniff conferred kingdom on Noah (Mosiah 11:1)

I. (13) Noah builds many elegant and spacious buildings (Mosiah 11:8-9)

J. (14) Alma1 is appointed a Priest of Noah

K. (15) Abinadi comes among people of Noah, is rejected, and king Noah seeks to slay him (Mos 11:20-29)

L. (16) After the space of two years, Abinadi returns, is captured, and is tried (Mosiah 12-17)

M. (17) Alma1 escapes, writes all the words which Abinadi had spoken (Mos 17:3-4)(age 34)

N. (18) Abinadi is slain by fire (Mos 17:13)

O. (19) Alma1 spends many days at Waters of Mormon, had gathered a goodly number (Mos 18:7)

P. (20) King Noah sends his army to find Alma1 (Mos 18:33)

 

     A Reading Sequence Overview of the Story of Zeniff (continued)

 

Q. (21*) Alma1 flees Noah's Army (Mosiah 18:34) (the story of Alma is continued in Mosiah 23:1)

R. (22) Lamanites attack Noah at the City of Nephi (Mosiah 19:6)

S. (23) Noah flees without women & children (Mosiah 19:11) (the story of Noah's group is continued in Mosiah 19:23)

T. (24) Limhi (the son of Noah) stays with women & children and makes peace with Lamanites (Mosiah 19:16)

U. (25) Limhi and Gideon send men to search for Noah's group (Mos 19:17-18)

V. (26) They find the remnants of Noah's group (Mos 19:18)

W. (27) They are told that Noah has been killed (Mos 19:20)

X. (28) They are told that Noah's Priests have fled (Mos 19:21)

Y. (29) They return to Limhi's group (Mos 19:24)

Z. (30) Limhi, being the son of the king, has had the kingdom conferred upon him by the people (Mosiah 19:26)

Aa. (31) Limhi's people did have continual peace for the space of two years (Mosiah 19:29)

Bb. (32) The priests carry off the daughters of the Lamanites(20:5)

Cc. (33) The Lamanites go to war because their daughters were taken(20:6)

Dd. (34) Limhi's group spares Lamanite king, pacifies Lamanites (Mosiah 10:10-26)

Ee. (35) Lamanites persecute Limhi's group, put down three rebellions (Mos 21:1-13)

Ff. (36) Priests of Noah had come into Nephi and carried off grain and precious things (Mos 21:20-21)

Gg. (46a*) Limhi discovers Ammon1 by the gates of Nephi (Mosiah 21:23)(Refer to Mosiah 7:7)

Hh. (*?) a. King Limhi sent a small number of men to find Zarahemla.(Mos 21:25-27)

Ii. (*?) c. Expedition found a land which had been peopled & destroyed, with dry bones. Supposed it to be the land

           of Zarahemla (Mosiah 21:26).

Jj. (45*) e. Limhi expedition returned not many days before the coming of Ammon(Mosiah 21:26).

Kk. (48) Ammon1 with Limhi plan to deliver people from bondage.(Mos 22:1)

Ll. (49) Limhi's people escape & go to Zarahemla (Mos 22:11)

Mm. (50*) Lamanites pursue Limhi and get lost (Mos 22:15) (their story is continued in Mosiah 23:30)

 

From waters of Mormon to Helam (Record of Alma)

 

A. (21*) Alma1 flees 8 days to Helam (Mos 23:1-3)(Refer back to Mosiah 18:34)

 

At Helam

 

B. (?) Alma's people prosper, build city of Helam (Mosiah 23:19-20)

C. (53*) An army of the Lamanites came into the borders of the land (Mosiah 23:25)

D. (50*) Lamanites were looking for Limhi (Mos 23:30) (refer to Mosiah 22:16)

E. (51) Lamanites had found priests of Noah in the land of Amulon (Mos 23:31) (refer to Mosiah 20:1)

F. (52) The Priests had joined the Lamanites (Mos 23:35)

G. (53*) Lamanites find Alma and put his people in bondage (Mos 23:35-37)

H. (54) Alma shows Lamanites the way back to Nephi (Mos 23:36-37)

I. (55) Lamanites leave guards, go back to land of Nephi & return with families (Mos 23:37-38)

J. (56) Lamanites taught language, writing (trade) by Amulon (Mos 24:3-7)

K. (57) Amulon uses power to persecute Alma (Mos 24:8)

L. (58) Alma's people escape & flee to the Valley of Alma (Mos 24:20)

M. (59) Alma's people continue flight (12 days) to Zarahemla (Mos 24:25)

 

 

     A Reading Sequence Overview of the Story of Zeniff (continued)

 

(Record of Mosiah2 continued (Mormon's abridgement)

 

     Ammon1, Limhi, and Alma are now in Zarahemla

 

L. (60) Mosiah2 reads Zeniff's record to the people (Mos 25:5)

M. (61) Mosiah2 reads Alma's record to the people (Mos 25:6)

N. (62) All people numbered with Nephites (Mos 25:13)

O. (63) 7 Churches established by Alma1 (Mos 25:19,23)

P. (64) Church persecuted by unbelievers (Mos 27:1)

Q. (65) Mosiah2 commands "Equality Among Men"-->(Peace) (Mos 27:2-7)

R. (66) Persecution returns, Conversion of Alma2, Sons of Mosiah(Mos 27:8-31)

S. (67) Alma2, Ammon2, Aaron, Omner, Himni publish peace (Mos 27:34-37)

T. (68) Alma2, sons of Mosiah, petition to go to land of Nephi (Mos 28:1)

U. (69) Mosiah2 translates the 24 plates of gold (Mos 28:11-17)

V. (70) Mosiah2 confers all records & sacred things on Alma2 (Mos 28:20)

W. (71) Alma1 dies at age 82 (Mos 29:45-46)

X. (72) Mosiah2 (63) dies in the 33rd year of his reign, 509 years from the time Lehi left Jerusalem (Mos 29:46)

Y. (73) 1st year of the Reign of Judges (Mos 29:44) (Alma 1:1)

 

 

 

     A Chronological Listing of Events for the Story of Zeniff

 

 

     All of the events listed in the Reading Sequence Overview will now be listed in their chronological order: (1),(2),(3),(4), etc. The reader will notice that while the chronology of the events becomes somewhat clearer, there are still many questions to answer.

 

Key:      (1)-> (74) = The chronological sequence

     * = The events that appear more than once in the records.

     ? = The events which have an uncertain chronological location or duration.

     Bold = Those instances where dates or years have been recorded.

 

At Nephi

 

(1) Mosiah1 took the large plates of Nephi (Omni 1:11)

(2) Mosiah1 did flee from Nephi and came down to Zarahemla (Omni 1:12)

 

At Zarahemla

 

(3) Mosiah1 discovered people descended from Jews (Mulekites) (Omni 1:15)

(4) Peoples united and appointed Mosiah1 their king (Omni 1:19)

(5) Mosiah1 interpreted a stone brought to him by the people of Zarahemla which was a record of Coriantumr and his people (Omni 1:20)

(6*) Zeniff is part of a spy mission from Zarahemla to the land of Nephi. After bloody contention, Zeniff returns (Mosiah 9:1)

(6*) A group left for Nephi, but returned because of contention (Omni 1:27-28)

(7*) Others (a considerable number plus Amaleki's brother) went up into the wilderness (Omni 1:29)

(7*) Zeniff leads a group to the land of Nephi (Mosiah 9:3)

(8) Zeniff covenants with Lamanite king to let him possess some land (Mosiah 9:6)

(9*?) In the thirteenth year of his reign, Zeniff's group has a war, Lamanites invade Shilom (Mosiah 9:14)

(10*?) We did inherit the land of our fathers for many years, yea, for the space of twenty and two years (Mos 10:3)

(10*?) We did have continual peace in the land for the space of twenty and two years (Mos 10:5)

 

At Zarahemla

 

(11) Mosiah1 died and his son Benjamin reigned in his stead (Omni 1:23)

 

At Nephi

 

(12) Zeniff confers kingdom on Noah (Mosiah 10:22) (Mosiah 11:1)

(13) Noah builds many elegant and spacious buildings (Mosiah 11:8-9)

(14) Alma1 is appointed a priest of Noah

(15) Abinadi comes among people of Noah, is rejected, and king Noah seeks to slay him (Mos 11:20-29)

(16) After the space of two years, Abinadi returns, is captured, and is tried (Mosiah 12-17)

(17) Alma1 escapes, writes all the words which Abinadi had spoken (Mos 17:3-4)(age 34)

(18) Abinadi is slain by fire (Mos 17:13)

(19) Alma spends many days at Waters of Mormon, had gathered a goodly number (Mos 18:7)

(20) King Noah sends his army to find Alma (Mos 18:33)

(21*) Alma1 flees Noah's Army (Mosiah 18:34) (the story of Alma is continued in Mosiah 23:1)

 

At Waters of Mormon

 

(21*) Alma1 flees 8 days to Helam (Mos 23:1-3)

 

At Helam

 

(?) Alma's people prosper, build city of Helam (Mosiah 23:19-20)

 

     A Chronological Listing of Events for the Story of Zeniff (continued)

 

At Nephi

 

(22) Lamanites attack Noah at the City of Nephi (Mosiah 19:6)

(23) Noah flees without women & children (Mosiah 19:11) (the story of Noah's group is continued in Mosiah 19:23)

(24) Limhi (the son of Noah) stays with women & children and makes peace with Lamanites (Mosiah 19:16)

(25) Limhi and Gideon send men to search for Noah's group(Mos 19:17-18)

(26) They find the remnants of Noah's group (Mos 19:18)

(27) They are told that Noah has been killed (Mos 19:20)

(28) They are told that Noah's Priests have fled (Mos 19:21)

(29) They return to Limhi's group (Mos 19:24)

(30) Limhi, being the son of the king, has had the kingdom conferred upon him by the people (Mosiah 19:26)

(31) Limhi's people did have continual peace for the space of two years (Mosiah 19:29)

(32) The priests carry off the daughters of the Lamanites(20:5)

(33) The Lamanites go to war because their daughters were taken(20:6)

(34) Limhi's group spares Lamanite king, pacifies Lamanites (Mosiah 10:10-26)

(35) Lamanites persecute Limhi's group, put down three rebellions (Mos 21:1-13)

(36) Priests of Noah had come into Nephi and carried off grain and precious things (Mos 21:20-21)

 

Meanwhile at Zarahemla

 

(*?) There was a serious war in the days of Benjamin, Lamanites driven out of land (Omni 1:24)

(*?) Lamanites came down against the Nephites in Zarahemla, were driven out of the land (W.of M. 1:13-14)

(37*) Amaleki exhorts everyone to come to Christ. (Omni 1:26)

(38a*) Amaleki is about to lie down in his grave, he completes his record & shall deliver it to Benjamin (Omni 1:30,12)

(38b*) Amaleki delivered his record to king Benjamin.(W.of M. 1:10)

(38c*) King Benjamin put this record with the records of the kings.(Large plates of Nephi) (Omni 1:11)(W.of M. 1:10)

(*?) False prophets had come among the Nephites (W.of M. 1:15-16)

(*?) Many dissensions away unto the Lamanites (W. of M. 1:16)

(*?) Holy prophets had helped king Benjamin establish peace (W.ofM. 1:17-18)

(39*) No more contention, king Benjamin had continual peace all the remainder of his days. (Mosiah 1:1)

(40) King Benjamin Tower Speech,

(41) The first year of the reign of Mosiah2about 476 years from the time that Lehi left Jerusalem (Mos 6:4)

(42*) King Benjamin lived three years and he died (Mos. 6:5)

(42*) There was no contention among all the people (of Mosiah2) for the space of three years (Mos 6:7)

(42*) Mosiah2 had had continual peace for the space of three years. (Mos 7:1)      

(43) Mosiah2 sends Ammon1 & 15 men to find Nephi from Zarahemla (121 B.C.)(Mosiah 7:1)

(44) 40 day journey (Mosiah 7:4)

 

Meanwhile at Nephi

 

(*?) a. King Limhi sent a small number of men to find Zarahemla.(Mos 21:25-27) (Refer to the Record of Mosiah)

(*?) a. King Limhi caused that 43 people should journey to find the land of Zarahemla (Mos 8:7)

(*?) b. Limhi expedition discovered a land of bones and water(Mosiah 8:8)

(*?) c. Expedition found a land which had been peopled & destroyed, with dry bones. Supposed it to be the land of

           Zarahemla (Mosiah 21:26)

(*?) d. Limhi expedition found 24 gold plates (Mosiah 8:9)

(45*) e. Limhi expedition returned not many days before the coming of Ammon1 (Mosiah 21:26)

(46a*) Limhi discovered Ammon by the gates of Nephi (Mosiah 21:23)

(46b*) Ammon1 meets Limhi (a descendant of Zeniff) (Mosiah 7:7)

(47*) Ammon1 learns of failed 43 man (Limhi) expedition to Zarahemla (Mosiah 8:7)

(48) Ammon1 with Limhi plan to deliver people from bondage (Mos 22:1)

(49) Limhi's people escape & go to Zarahemla (Mos 22:11)

(50*) Lamanites pursue Limhi and get lost (Mos 22:15) (their story is continued in Mosiah 23:30)

 

     A Chronological Listing of Events for the Story of Zeniff (continued)

 

At Helam

 

(50*) Lamanites were looking for Limhi (Mos 23:30) (refer to Mosiah 22:16)

(51) Lamanites had found priests of Noah in the land of Amulon (Mos 23:31) (refer to Mosiah 20:1)

(52) The Priests had joined the Lamanites (Mos 23:35)

(53*) Lamanites come to Helam, find Alma1 and put his people in bondage(Mos 23:25, 35-37)

(54) Alma1 shows Lamanites the way back to Nephi (Mos 23: 36-37)

(55) Lamanites leave guards, go back to Nephi & return with families (Mos 23:37-38)

(56) Lamanites taught language, writing (trade) by Amulon (Mos 24:3-7)

(57) Amulon uses power to persecute Alma (Mos 24: 8)

(58) Alma's people escape & flee to the Valley of Alma (Mos 24:20)

(59) Alma's people continue flight (12 days) to Zarahemla (Mos 24:25)

 

Ammon, Limhi, and Alma are now in Zarahemla

 

(60) Mosiah2 reads Zeniff's record to the people (Mos 25:5)

(61) Mosiah2 reads Alma's record to the people (Mos 25:6)

(62) All people numbered with Nephites (Mos 25:13)

(63) 7 Churches established by Alma1 (Mos 25:19,23)

(64) Church persecuted by unbelievers (Mos 27:1)

(65) Mosiah2 commands "Equality Among Men"-->(Peace) (Mos 27:2-7)

(66) Persecution returns, Conversion of Alma2, Sons of Mosiah(Mos 27:8-31)

(67) Alma2, Ammon2, Aaron, Omner, Himni publish peace (Mos 27:34-37)

(68) Alma2, sons of Mosiah, petition to go to Land of Nephi (Mos 28:1)

(69) Mosiah2 translates the 24 plates of gold (Mos 28:11-17)

(70) Mosiah2 confers all records & sacred things on Alma2 (Mos 28:20)

(71) Alma1 dies at age 82 (Mos 29:45-46)

(72) Mosiah2 (63) dies in the 33rd year of his reign, 509 years from the time Lehi left Jerusalem (Mos 29:46)

(73) 1st year of the Reign of Judges (Mos 29:44) (Alma 1:1)

 

 

Near the end of Nephite history in the land northward

 

(74) Mormon connects the history on the small plates of Nephi with his abridgment of the large plates of Nephi

           (Words of Mormon 1)