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 See, e.g., William L. Holladay, ed., A Concise Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament, (Leiden: Brill, 1971) s.v., 360. According to Edward Mahler the verb shabbat does not mean "to rest" but "to be complete." The noun shabbat means in Babylonian a cycle in a chronological sense, the day on which the moon completes its cycle, the day of the full moon. "Der Schabbat," Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenlandischen Gesellschaft, 62: 33-70, as cited in Abraham Joshua Heschel, The Sabbath (New York: Harper & Row, 1950), 106.