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 This is a constant refrain in Babylonian ritual texts: "At thy word all the Igigi cast themselves upon their faces; at thy word all the Anunnaki kiss the earth. . ." (B. Meissner, Bab. u. Assyr., II, 166). As the Assyrian King mounts the throne at the New Year "all throw themselves upon the earth before him, kiss his feet, and cry out: "Father of the Fatherland; there is none llike unto him!' while the army hails him crying, "That is our King!" (Ibid., I, 63). All subjects had to come "yearly to Nineveh bringing "rich gifts, to kiss the feet of their lord, the King. (Ib. I, 138). In a cylinder of 536 B.C., King Cyrus boasts: ". . . every king from every region . . . as well as the Bedouin tent-dwellers brought their costly gifts and kissed my feet." (Caiger, Bible & Spade, p. 181). Every year at the great "submission assembly" the Hittite king would prostrate himself before the empty throne in the sanctuary, after which he would mount the throne and receive the prostrations of his subjects in turn. (A. Goetze, Kleinasien, pp. 96, 155). To refuse the proskynesis was an act of rebellion (Zenophon, Aegesil, I, 34). The Byzantine Emperors continued it (St. Theophilus, Ep. Antioch, ll, in Patrol. Graec., VI, 1040-1). J. Basdon (in Historia I (1950), 374), argues that proskynein means simply "to blow a kiss," yet we are specifically told that "Sovereigns coming into the presence of the Emperor at Constantinople were required to kiss his knees." (Ducange, Dissert. XV, p. 201). Even among the Germanic nations those who came to submit to a king were required to fall to the earth before him. (Thithrik af Bern-saga Sect. 54).